December, 2020 , Volume  5, Issue 1
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1
EMPLOYEE RETENTION AND SATISFACTION IN THE INDIAN EDUCATION SECTOR
Mihir Dash,Arpana Muthyala,Suprabha Bakshi,Rabitha Guntagani

EMPLOYEE RETENTION AND SATISFACTION IN THE INDIAN EDUCATION SECTOR
ABSTRACT:
The education sector is emerging as a nascent sector in India, offering a huge untapped market, with rapid growth in the number of schools, colleges, and universities. However, the quality of many Indian education institutions is a matter of serious concern. The excellence of an educational institution is driven primarily by the academic standards set by its faculty. Thus, attracting and retaining quality faculty with passion and commitment are major challenges for higher educational institutions, since some faculty tend to switch organizations frequently, disturbing/disrupting existing academic plans and operations. Therefore, it has become imperative for institutions to design and pursue effective HR policies/mechanisms to attract and retain the best faculty talent, so as to compete well in the market.   The primary objective of this study is to examine employee retention and satisfaction in the Indian education sector. The study was carried out at various educational institutions in India. The study examined the importance of different factors in the choice of career in the education sector, the importance of different retention factors in educational institutions, and the satisfaction of employees towards the work culture and job in educational institutions.   The results of the study suggest that the two most important attraction factors for employees to the education sector were passion to help others develop and passion to pursue research, while the two most important retention factors for employees in the education sector were challenging work environment and career growth opportunities.   Keywords: employee retention, employee satisfaction, Indian education sector.    

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2
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF SYRUP FORMULATED FROM AGERATUM CONYZOIDES, CURCUMA LONGA, AND CHROMOLAENA ODORATA ETHANOLIC CRUDE EXTRACT  
Ricky B. Acanto

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF SYRUP FORMULATED FROM AGERATUM CONYZOIDES, CURCUMA LONGA, AND CHROMOLAENA ODORATA ETHANOLIC CRUDE EXTRACT  
ABSTRACT:
The study aimed to determine the phytochemicals present in the ethanolic crude extracts of Ageratum conyzoides, Curcuma longa, and Chromolaena odorata and to evaluate the analgesic activity of the formulated syrup in Swiss mice using the hot plate method. These plants are known for local folks for its wound-healing effect and used in local traditional medicine for the management of pain and inflammation. The syrup was formulated from each extract and administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 15 mg/kg using paracetamol as a standard. Phytochemical screening of each extract revealed the presence of terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, glycosides, steroids, resins, coumarins, and phenols. Analgesic activity of the three formulated syrup differs significantly (p<0.05) with the positive and negative control. Each formulated syrup attains its peak activity at 150 minutes. C. longa syrup produced maximum possible analgesia (MPA) of 15.77% while paracetamol achieved a peak MPA of 31.07%.  The presence of biologically active compounds, particularly alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins can be the contributory factors in the induction of analgesia.  

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3
SELF-IMAGE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF ASO-EBI IN CONTEMPORARY YORUBA SOCIO-CULTURAL SETTINGS
Susan Olubukola Badeji, Bede Chinonye Akpunne

SELF-IMAGE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF ASO-EBI IN CONTEMPORARY YORUBA SOCIO-CULTURAL SETTINGS
ABSTRACT:
The Yoruba people of the South Westerns Nigeria both at home and in diaspora are endowed with rich cultural indices of which “Aso-Ebi” (Family Solidarity Uniform) is part. Aso-Ebi, a tradition of wearing specific fabrics specially chosen and uniquely worn for important celebrations, is rooted into age-long Yoruba cultural history and has gained tremendous acceptance and popularity in many contemporary Yoruba and none Yoruba people. In this study, we used historiology, oral interview, participant observation, and archival materials to further dig into the why the phenomenon is expanding. For these, varying degrees of ‘Aso-Ebi’ are worn to express several socio-economic and cultural idiosyncrasies. It is in the light of this that this paper assessed the integrative roles of the special spectacle provided by Aso-Ebi and reviewed the psychological implications of being dressed in Aso-Ebi in social cultural ceremonies. We submitted that Aso-Ebi promotes unity, friendship and togetherness; bestows collective identity and respectability on wearers; influences the self-image as well as the overt and covert behavior of the wearers; and offers significant psycho-social and cultural functions at both the individual and societal levels. Authors recommended the promotion of the phenomenon by Nigerian government and stakeholders, as well as further studies on the influence of Nigerian costumes on behavior.    

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4
POLITENESS INFERENCES IN JESUS' DISCOURSE WITH HIS LORD
Yasser Fawzi Abdelalim Rateb

POLITENESS INFERENCES IN JESUS' DISCOURSE WITH HIS LORD
ABSTRACT:
Abstract                                                                                                                                                                    The current research presents the manifestations of politeness phenomena in a ‘talk-in-interaction’ between Prophet Iesa the son of Mary (Jesus) and his Al-Mighty Lord. The study embraces Leech’s (1983) ‘politeness principle’ model; moreover, inferring what speakers mean from what they say which is essential in highlighting politeness phenomena as crucial basis for interaction. Consequently, findings affirm the fact that Jesus has manipulated the best linguistic utterances that have marked his politeness with his Lord.  

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5
A FEMINIST STYLISTIC ANALYSIS OF TONI MORRISON'S NOVELS THE BLUEST EYE AND BELOVED
Rehab Hassan Mahmoud,Olga Mattar,Layla El Saeed

A FEMINIST STYLISTIC ANALYSIS OF TONI MORRISON'S NOVELS THE BLUEST EYE AND BELOVED
ABSTRACT:
This study aims to investigate how meaning is created and manipulated in literary texts and to examine the ways in which the author's attitudes and viewpoints are realized in such texts. Using Halliday's model of Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG), the study aims to investigate the power of words and the creation of meaning through the manifestation of modality as a property of language. This model regulates the interpersonal function of language. It also demonstrates that foregrounding some linguistic elements in both novels under study creates an effect in the reading and interpretation of texts. These linguistic elements include modal adverbs, modal auxiliary verbs, verbs, adjectives, and nouns. This study is based not only on the qualitative linguistic analysis of both novels under study, but also on the quantitative description of the selected linguistic elements through the use of a free software programme called AntConc.

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6
LARGE CLASSES: A CHANGE FROM PASSIVE LEARNERS TO ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS&NBSP;IN LIGHT OF INNOVATION THEORIES &NBSP;
Nguyen Minh Trang,Minh Trang Nguyen

LARGE CLASSES: A CHANGE FROM PASSIVE LEARNERS TO ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS&NBSP;IN LIGHT OF INNOVATION THEORIES &NBSP;
ABSTRACT:
Large classes often cause teachers and students many difficulties in terms of teaching and learning practice. This research sought effective teaching strategies to deal with a typical Vietnamese large-size class in which first-year students learned English as a non-major subject at Ho Chi Minh City Information Technology College (ITC), South Vietnam. Teaching strategies such as pair-work and group-work activities, whole-class discussions or debates were designed and classroom management skills like grouping, creating a friendly classroom atmosphere, and a reward policy were used. A qualitative research method using questionnaires, interviews, reflective logs was implemented to both teachers and targeted students. As an innovative research, the study was designed with different types of activities, mainly teaching/learning activities (pair-work conversations, group-work discussions, whole-class debates, music performance competition), and classroom management strategies (student grouping, creating friendly classroom atmosphere) which were selected from the target students’ needs analysis and literature.  Data was then selected for data analysis, and a designed evaluation scheme to assess the students’ learning habit changes towards the innovation was done. The results showed that, despite of many difficulties that a large class usually has, the teacher still enabled to change passive students of large classes into active participants.   Key Words: large class, large-size classes, passive learners, active learners  

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7
IN-VITRO SELECTION OF DROUGHT TOLERANCE VARIETIES OF RICE CULTIVARS USING PEG-8000 (POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL) &NBSP;
Justin Valdez Dumale

IN-VITRO SELECTION OF DROUGHT TOLERANCE VARIETIES OF RICE CULTIVARS USING PEG-8000 (POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL) &NBSP;
ABSTRACT:
This experiment was conducted to evaluate effect of polyethylene glycol-8000 (peg-8000) as an in-vitro selection for drought tolerance of rice cultivars. The research  design carried out by using two-factor (eight rice cultivars and peg) with four replications, which arranged in factorial system design and conducted with completely randomized design. Varieties were Dular, Basmati, TW16, Vandana Nil, RC150, and IR64 (susceptibility check) combine with 3 levels of peg concentrations (10, 15, and 20%/L) and control with water treatment. Germination parameters measured were germination percentage, seedling length (cm), seedling root length (cm) and shoot length (cm). The results indicated that concentration dependent significantly affected germination behaviors compared with control depending upon varieties. The highest germination % was obtained in-vitro condition by the treatment of peg 15%/L on the Basmati, Vandana,  and TW16 variety (93.44%, 87.61%  and 87..38%, respectively), compared to control. Dular, TW16, Vandana Nil and Basmati  variety  is  drought-tolerant  because show  the  best  growth in  PEG  treatment  at  concentration  20%.   Growth  of  plantlets  height,  shoot length,  and roots length,  Dular  variety  is  more tolerant  than  other  varieties  by  in-vitro  test.  

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8
THE EXPERIENCE OF ALIENATION IN SEASON OF MIGRATION TO THE NORTH AND SONG OF SOLOMON: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MUSTAFA SAEED AND MILKMAN
Redhwan Qasem Ghaleb Rashed

THE EXPERIENCE OF ALIENATION IN SEASON OF MIGRATION TO THE NORTH AND SONG OF SOLOMON: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MUSTAFA SAEED AND MILKMAN
ABSTRACT:
The study aims at tracing out the comparable value Al-tayeb Saleh and Toni Morrison partake and deciphers it through their narratives Season of Migration to the North (SMN) and Song of Solomon (SS). It investigates Afro-Arabs and Afro-Americans’ sense of alienation, a recurring theme in modern literature in general and the novel in particular. These novelists present a painstaking study of the effects of alienation which is a result of loss of identity on Afro-Arabs and Afro-Americans represented by Mustafa Saeed and Milkman. It holds out how the manifestation of alienation in both narratives are exhibited and also to show to what extent time and place have a role in promoting alienation features. A major objective of the study is to show how racism and the white values affect Afro-Arabs and Afro-Americans who undergo the impact of colonialization and materialism for ages. The comparative methodology is used to show the outcome of adopting the white values and neglecting the past. It is concluded that denying one’s history and adopting the destructive ideas of the other that contradict societies that have an intellectual, cultural and religious legacy is ruinous as it leads one to alienation. Getting the best of the other as well as preserving original roots is necessary for a healthy and balanced personality. What impels me to tackle such topic is the timeless trauma and dilemma shared and experienced by Afro-Arabs and Afro-Americans due to their color

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9
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WITHDRAWN
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10
WOMEN AND THE NIGER DELTA CRISES: AHMED YERIMA’S SOCIAL VISION IN LITTLE DROPS
Bassey Nsa Ekpe and Emmanuel Ekere Thompson

WOMEN AND THE NIGER DELTA CRISES: AHMED YERIMA’S SOCIAL VISION IN LITTLE DROPS
ABSTRACT:
The crises facing the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria have been represented by Nigerian dramatist in various works. Educing from the focus of Ahmed Yerima in Little Drops, this paper conceptualises the tragedy faced mostly by women of the Niger Delta region due to objectification, gender socialization and societal inequality.  The play re-echoes the pains of neglect, underdevelopment and the painful results of agitation; highlighting also the pains of displacement, involuntary disappearance, family separation and disintegration, victimization, sexual slavery and rape. Based on a qualitative method of analysis, the work reveals the anguish, travails and trauma faced by women of the region. It emphasises the need for collaboration, understanding and support as a measure for peaceful resolution and promotion of human consciousness. It is the argument of this paper that all actors involved in the course of peace and conflict prevention and resolution adopt a gender perspective that include the special needs of women during repatriation and resettlement, rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction because women suffer disproportionately during crises where existing inequalities are magnified, social networks broken down, making them more vulnerable to violence and exploitation.  

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11
RESEARCH INTO/ON DISEASES AND PHARMACOGNOSY AND NATURAL MEDICINE AND MEDICAL SCIENCE
Reza Rezaie Khanghah

RESEARCH INTO/ON DISEASES AND PHARMACOGNOSY AND NATURAL MEDICINE AND MEDICAL SCIENCE
ABSTRACT:
First of all I found lots of medicine for lots of diseases like phlegm and sore throat and headache and etc . I stated a Therapy for scrupulous and other kind of disease like this.Except disease and medical science and medicine and astronomy I have some other research into/on other fields of study.I found how stars moves at constellation and they have two general movements and in conclusion I say some of my studies here.you drink water at stand up stance it can cause you sweat a lot.My findings  support my hypothesis. My hypothesis  is can we have natural medicine instead of chemicals one? Does any disease have medicine?  Can we success  at our life? And other hypothesis  that I explain it in manuscript .When you want to drink water,suck the water and don't swill (guzzle) water (don't drink it suddenly) because it can Three things increase your memory and take away phlegm:1.frankincense 2.Toothbrush 3.read quran.Vessels irrigate whole body, bones keep organs, brawn(muscle) keeps bones and nerve keeps brawn(muscle).Eat beet because it digests your food and the leaf of that helps you to urinate properly(:to urinate completely.At night don't eat Fig a lot but at day eat a lot.For sore throat drink milk.Matrimony(marriage) struggle can lead to heart illness.Large raisin takes away sorrow and tiredness.Eat walnut at winter, makes kidney warm.Eat cheese because it makes you to sleep and digests your food.At camel milk there is a cure for diarrhea.Apple destroys cholera.Beef meat with beet destroy white spot that appear at skin.Mushroom is a cure for eyes.Chick pea (pea) is good for backache.Teenagers that eat breakfast although they give lots of calories but in contrast to teenagers that don't eat breakfast have lower weight. Children that don't eat breakfast gain weight and they are in danger of becoming fat.There is a meat in human body that if it is healthy and works properly the rest organs or other parts of body becomes healthy and works properly but if it isn't the rest organs or other parts of body can't work properly and becomes healthy and that meat is heart.  

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12
THE MISSING PIECES IN THE PUZZLE OF IRANIAN UNDERGRADUATE GENERAL EDUCATION (GE)
Hamid Mahmoudi

THE MISSING PIECES IN THE PUZZLE OF IRANIAN UNDERGRADUATE GENERAL EDUCATION (GE)
ABSTRACT:
Hundreds of scholarly works have been published on various topics related to general education (GE), however, these findings may not been fully appreciated in efforts to reform higher education curricula.  In this article, we argue that the GE literature suggests that there is a mismatch of courses offered to students in Iranian higher education institutions such that the needs of 21st century students are at least in part unmet by these curricula.  In other words, there are missing pieces of learning or content gaps in many of the undergraduate GE programs. Furthermore, if one considers students to be the main consumers of GE then the perceived needs of the students ought to be considered in curricula, including program or course revisions.  With these considerations in mind, educational researchers and curriculum designers ought to work together to make sure that their students’ needs are met with the revised curricula, through an inventory of needs and “absent” content. Each higher education program includes two separate dimensions.  The first dimension shared by all students, in all majors, is commonly referred to as general education.   The elective requirements vary from university to university and are typically under the influence of contextual policies and other factors.  There is also variance from country to country; influenced by diverse elements such as the politics and the history of the region. In the case of Iran, general education has been designed under the influence of policy, values and politics which originate from both religious and government interests.  It might be suggested that young people’s desires and perceived needs have been and continue to be largely unconsidered. This article points to some gaps and missing pieces in matching needs, desires and expert advice for inclusion.  We demonstrate this through the use of matrixes.  Preceding these analytic displays, however, the literature review provides a form of classification or a schema that will be followed by the discussion and closing conclusion. Finally, the GE skills set forth by the scholars and the educational researchers have been categorized into three groups: the first are the skills that undergraduate students are not exposed to and that they are unlikely acquire through their programs; the second, are skills that students might receive partial exposure to and acquire minimal skills and understandings of content; and the third are the skills that students are likely to be exposed to and acquire skills and understandings of content through the present GE courses. As anticipated, the skills acquired through exposure in the third category are not high, compared to the first two. 

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13
ONLINE GAMING: IMPACT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF THE STUDENTS OF COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, CENTRAL LUZON STATE UNIVERSITY &NBSP;
PRINCES DIANA T. BALAO,EVANA FAITH R. CASTILLO,MA. CRISTINA M. DUMALE,ABEGAILE P. LAMINA,NATHANIEL F. PAGADUAN

ONLINE GAMING: IMPACT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF THE STUDENTS OF COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, CENTRAL LUZON STATE UNIVERSITY &NBSP;
ABSTRACT:
The quantitative analysis study focuses on impacts of online games on academic performance and social behavior of the student of College of Agriculture, Central Luzon State University. Purposive sampling process was used to select respondent, questionnaire was used as an instrument to gather necessary data for this study. Frequency, percentage, and correlational were analyze and interpret the data gathered. Result show those males and female ages 19 to 20 found students who often play online games. Among the respondents, gaming is part of the male and female socio-cultural communication context. Most of them identified themselves as casual gamer and the online games they commonly played are mobile legend, league of legend, and World of Warcraft. Although there is a relationship between online gaming and academic performance, still a very low and it cannot be supported. The researcher found that there is no significant relationship between playing online games to the academic performance of student. Findings show students who played online games tend to increase their confidence, improves social skills, improves social skills, creativity and increase their multitasking skills.  

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14
URBANIZATION-TOURISM AND ENVIRONMENT RELATION IN THE EAST OF ANTALYA/TURKEY (ALANYA-MANAVGAT)
Dr. Salman

URBANIZATION-TOURISM AND ENVIRONMENT RELATION IN THE EAST OF ANTALYA/TURKEY (ALANYA-MANAVGAT)
ABSTRACT:
The year of 1987 became prominent as “Tourism Boom Period” for some coast destinations of Turkey. One of these destinations is the east part of Antalya. In this study, changes in urbanization-tourism and land cover of Antalya and Manavgat which have been important tourist destinations of Turkey. In this context, land cover maps of Alanya and Manavgat were created by employing GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and remote sensing methodologies. Therefore, changes of urbanization and land cover after the year of 1987 were observed. Landsat satellite images between the years of 1984-2018 were used in order to determine the areal development of Alanya and Manavgat cities and the direction of this development. In accordance with the analysis of our study, Manavgat and Alanya cities have grown by 3 times in the last 30 years. In other words, Manavgat and Alanya cities have grown by two times in every 10 years. It was discovered that green fields were mostly destroyed as a result of this rapid growth of the cities located at east of Antalya. Thus, Manavgat and Alanya cities were caught off guard to the tourism boom in 1987 and many natural areas, primarily dune areas, were destroyed in an unplanned and irregular manner.  

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