December, 2019 , Volume  4, Issue 4
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
SOME NEW TYPES OF IRRESOLUTE FUNCTIONS IN TOPOLOGICAL SPACES VIA E-OPEN SETS  
Ramadhan A. M. Alsaidi,Alaa M. F. Al - Jumaili ,Rokan Khaji

SOME NEW TYPES OF IRRESOLUTE FUNCTIONS IN TOPOLOGICAL SPACES VIA E-OPEN SETS  
ABSTRACT:
The purpose of present this paper is to introduce and investigate two new classes of irresolute functions called completely e-irresolute functions and completely weakly e-irresolute functions in topological spaces by using the concept of e-open sets. Several new characterizations and interesting properties concerning completely e-irresolute functions and completely weakly e-irresolute functions are obtained. Furthermore the relationships between these functions and some other well-known types of functions are also given.   

358-367 Download
2
THE CHEMBOND INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL AND 3D SIMULATION IN SOLVING CHEMISTRY PROBLEMS
Farida C. Jamolod

THE CHEMBOND INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL AND 3D SIMULATION IN SOLVING CHEMISTRY PROBLEMS
ABSTRACT:

368-381 Download
3
EFFECTIVENESS OF PRIVATE SPEECH ON PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESSING IN STUDENTS WITH MATH DISORDER
Ali shoorsan,Dr Mosa tabatabaee,Parvin Rafienia

EFFECTIVENESS OF PRIVATE SPEECH ON PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESSING IN STUDENTS WITH MATH DISORDER
ABSTRACT:
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of task related private speech on improving the problem-solving skills of students with specific learning disabilities (math disorder). Method: The design of this research was quasi-experimental, pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of 30 primaries, 3rd, 4th and 5th grade students (15 girls and 15 boys) with special learning math problems in Shahriar and Malard County from Tehran province. Subjects were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group received a 90-minute session instructing the use of the task related private speech before the post-test, and the control group received no intervention. Subjects were matched based on the amount of active memory capacity, intelligence and academic bases in the experimental and control groups. Tower of London have been used to assess problem-solving skills. Data were analyzed with using multivariable covariance analysis. Findings: The results showed that the subjects in the experimental group after the intervention, in terms of points for completing the Tower of London, the conjecture (mental estimation) the number of disk movements, design time (planning time), were superior to the control group, as well as the number of possible errors During the onset of the task, the experimental group was reduced compared to the control group. Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, the use of task related private speech in problem-solving skills of students with math disorders is effective.  

382-393 Download
4
THE PROBLEM OF METAPHYSICAL EVIL: CRITIQUING STEINBECK’S THE WINTER OF OUR DISCONTENT
Khair Ul Bashar,Alam Zeb,Khan Bahadar

THE PROBLEM OF METAPHYSICAL EVIL: CRITIQUING STEINBECK’S THE WINTER OF OUR DISCONTENT
ABSTRACT:
The paper critically examines the problem of metaphysical evil which is perceptible in Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent. Metaphysical evil conveys the eternal struggle between good and evil which intended to show that man cannot achieve true perfection due his limitation. The interaction with these belligerent forces kindled spark of materialistic ambition which ultimately establishes the concept of evil, resulting in the loss of human values and ethics. In The Winter of our Discontent, Steinbeck draws attention to metaphysical evil in the character of Mary Hawley who is the embodiment of evil in the life of Ethan. The novel presents the unpleasant recurring theme evident in every human society. The paper employs qualitative approach for the exploration of proposed evil. The method is set through inductive reasoning of textual analysis from the particular lines and inferred inductive generalization. Through inductive method, the novel indicates the belief that men as creatures of needs and requirements are determined by the tides of environment. They are set helplessly at cyclone of circumstances. Ethan being a proponent of American dreams and conflicts is not only surrounded by corruption but also witnessed a chaotic and fast-changing society. Therefore, the textures of Steinbeck’s novels are coherently intertwined in the problem of evil. Each work is preoccupied with a single aspect of evil in modern life. Key words: Metaphysical evil, good and evil, materialism, human values, modern life  

394-399 Download
5
DISCRIMINANTS OF SEAFARERS’ STANDARDS OF TRAINING, CERTIFICATION, AND WATCHKEEPING COMPETENCE: AN EXPLORATORY DATA ANALYTICS  
Richard R. Cabaron

DISCRIMINANTS OF SEAFARERS’ STANDARDS OF TRAINING, CERTIFICATION, AND WATCHKEEPING COMPETENCE: AN EXPLORATORY DATA ANALYTICS  
ABSTRACT:
Standards Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping (STCW) convention provides the minimum standards of competence which have to be integrated among other criteria to produce competent and knowledgeable seafarers who can interact with other stakeholders of the industry. The study aimed to determine how the navigational watch, and leadership and teamwork skills as the independent variables discriminate the STCW competence for seafarers. The study utilized the descriptive type research method. Frequency count, percentage, and discriminant analysis used as a statistical tool. The discriminant analysis used to discard variable which little related to group distinctions. The study revealed that 40% of seafarers were deck ratings with no licensed and received a salary below USD 2,000.00. It means that there were many deck ratings employed aboard. Out of 10 variables on navigational watch, only three variables were qualified in the discriminant analysis specifically on maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic equipment, use the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Standard Marine Communication Phrase, and use English in written and oral form. On the other hand, for leadership and teamwork skills, only one variable was qualified in the discriminant analysis, particularly on keeping calm in a difficult situation. Aside from that, the discriminant function model constructed.  

400-408 Download
6
ROLE AND PROBLEMS OF SENIOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN RAJASTHAN (IN SPECIAL REFERENCE OF ENGLISH TEACHING)
Dr. Meenakshi Sharma Yadav

ROLE AND PROBLEMS OF SENIOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN RAJASTHAN (IN SPECIAL REFERENCE OF ENGLISH TEACHING)
ABSTRACT:
This paper presents an alarming situation of English language teaching at the senior secondary level of Hindi medium students in Rajasthan. State government schools continue to register negative growth in learning level (reading and comprehension) in this subject from 2006. The Annual Status of Education Report, 2014 tabled in New Delhi by Pratham, an NGO, says that the share of class V government school students who can read class II text, which was 59 % in 2006, has reduced to 39 % in 2014. 46. 7% of class V students cannot read class II text and 19.5 % of class VIII students failed to read class II text. The situation is absolutely worst in the succeeding classes. The data that have been presented directly questions the quality of education in this state. Due to the territorial vastness of the state, 82 % of the total schools here are in rural areas.   Let’s put a glance on the academic situation of the state in special reference to the teaching English at Senior Secondary level of Hindi medium students and the main reasons responsible for the deterioration of the government schools. The quantitative introspective research methodology has been applied in this research article which analyzes and investigates the data from the NGO’s and various national newspapers, students’ case study, prescribed syllabus, annual reports etc of English learning-teaching to the Hindi medium students related to the senior secondary schools that are affiliated with the Senior Secondary Education Board of Rajasthan by 2015.  

409-415 Download
7
STUTTERING DISORDER OF SAMLIA: A CASE ANALYSIS
Dr. Jovelyn M. Cantina

STUTTERING DISORDER OF SAMLIA: A CASE ANALYSIS
ABSTRACT:
  Communication includes language and speaking, and it involves skills that cross with each other. Language is a means of this communication; speaking, on the other hand, is the way to convey this meaning. Hence, disruption in motor procedures that realizes speaking cause speech disorders.  Stuttering means that children have difficulties in rhythm, sound, syllable, word and phrase repetitions, or flow of speech cut in the form of extension or block form.  This case analysis focuses on Samlia’s stuttering disorder. Specifically, it analyses the specific language learning problems; probable causes and effects; and recommended interventions. The teacher of the said pupil presupposes the cause of this disorder as due to the pupil’s repetition and extension of the sounds or syllables. He pupil hurries in speaking, thus he stutters. From a symptomatic point of view, the student’s disorder is characterized by loci and duration (repetition, prolongation, hesitation, pauses, and spasms) and has auxiliary movements while speaking. It is then concluded that Samlia, a grade 6 elementary pupil has stuttering disorder. To address this problem a word drill in isolation and in pair shall be conducted. Moreover, stuttering therapy is recommended as the final goal in developing communicative competence characterized through fluent oral language based on promoting a positive attitude both towards speech and speech therapy. Thus, beginning therapy as early as possible is a big help.   Key words: Stuttering, speech disorder, case analysis, speech therapy.

416-424 Download
8
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION: A CASE OF THE PHYSICS EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SIMULATIONS (PHET SIMS)
Farida C. Jamolod

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION: A CASE OF THE PHYSICS EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SIMULATIONS (PHET SIMS)
ABSTRACT:

425-438 Download
9
RUSSELLS THEORY OF DESCRIPTION: A LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF JEROME’S THE MAN WHO WAS A HOSPITAL
Khair Ul Bashar1, Alam Zeb2

RUSSELLS THEORY OF DESCRIPTION: A LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF JEROME’S THE MAN WHO WAS A HOSPITAL
ABSTRACT:
Russell’s theory of description depends on one’s semantic presupposition. The theory generally plays a significant role in the philosophy of language. The theory is constructed to solve the problem of vacuous expressions. There are indeed, names and other denoting phrases which seem to refer to nothing, resulting in the formation of puzzles in language. Jerome’s essay, The man who was a hospital contains non-referring expression because denoting phrases don not have meaning in itself. Thus, the logical investigation of the essay under the scrutiny of theory of description suggests that denoting phrase The man has no truth-value yet are meaningful nonetheless. Moreover, the linguistic analysis breaks up the title of the essay into Russell’s famous paradox. The paper generally explores four puzzles in the essay such as identity, substituting, non-existent and negative existential in the given essay. 

439-445 Download
10
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF LENDING INSTITUTIONS
DOMELY E. TORTOLA, JENNIFER B. CABARON

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF LENDING INSTITUTIONS
ABSTRACT:
This study aimed to determine the strategic management of lending institutions in the Philippines, particularly in the Province of Zamboanga del Norte during the calendar year 2018. Descriptive research used in the study. There were 145 respondents of the survey. Frequency count, percentage, and weighted mean used as a statistical tool. Majority of the lending institutions were on operation for three years and below. The lending institutions often did strategic management in terms of strategic analysis, strategic decision making, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and strategic control. The researcher concludes that most of the lending institutions were a neophyte in the lending industry. The findings of this study corroborate the central theory of strategic management of Dewey and Mintzberg cited by Young (2015) that strategic management is a continuous process of strategy creation that involves strategic analysis and decision-making, strategy formulation and implementation, and strategy control. Hence, it recommended that since most of the lending industries are a neophyte in the service and not very familiar on how they play in the field of competition, they should assess the competition and potential threats that can affect its operation in the market. The top management of lending institutions needs to monitor and review the strategic management practiced by their employees.

446-455 Download