December, 2019 , Volume  4, Issue 2
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY JUDICIAL SERVICE SYSTEM IN MANDALUYONG CITY: BASIS FOR POLICY RECOMMENDATION
Rowena A. Pila

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY JUDICIAL SERVICE SYSTEM IN MANDALUYONG CITY: BASIS FOR POLICY RECOMMENDATION
ABSTRACT:
Katarungang Pambarangay is the process to keep the community intact and to improve access to justice for the poor. This study purported to analyse the effectiveness of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Old Zaniga and Barangka Ilaya of Mandaluyong City in the disposition of cases that were filed from 2015 to 2016. The respondents of the study were the 20 Lupon tagapamayapa and secretaries of the offices of barangays Barangka Ilaya and Old Zaniga of Mandaluyong City.  The approaches include qualitative analysis of data generated from documents particularly the Lupon Tagapamayapa report on case filed, actions taken and problems encountered in the implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay Judicial Service System (KPJSS), a focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted among Baranggay Captain and Lupon members in Barangka Ilaya and Old Zaniga and the data collected was evaluated using percentage and weighted mean. It also used a 5-point Likert scale to determine the extent of effectiveness of the implementation of KPJSS in terms of the nature of cases in Barangay Barangka Ilaya for 2015 to 2016.        The findings of the study revealed, it is encourage continuing intensified information dissemination on the basics of the Law on dispute settlements to arouse peoples’ consciousness on the intentions, objectives of the law – triggering and motivating them to realize its importance and render civic duty. Moreover, The Local Government should provide an in service – training among Lupon members to be more effective in handling disputes among the complainants in Mandaluyong City. Finally, the Department of Interior and Local Government should look into the improvement of dispute settlements and the updating of existing system’s policies of Local Government Code of 1991 in providing a more effective and efficient in delivering speedier and quality justice through non- adversarial for the security and welfare of the community.  

120-130 Download
2
ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND HEALTH ASSESSMENT IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING OF SIBUTAD, ZAMBAONGA DEL NORTE
Ed Neil O. Maratas

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND HEALTH ASSESSMENT IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING OF SIBUTAD, ZAMBAONGA DEL NORTE
ABSTRACT:
Mining is considered a complex, energy intensive industry, as seen by the global insurance market. The complexity of the industry from the insurers’ perspective is based on the broad scope of loss potential, or health risk. In this study the researchers wanted to determine the environmental awareness and health assessment in artisanal and small-scale gold mining in Libay, Sibutad, Zamboanga del Norte. The result revealed, majority of the miners and ball mill operators were not totally aware on their health risks due to prolonged mercury exposure. It seems that most of the methods used by ball mill operators appeared to be hazardous both to the worker and the environment. Thus, there is a need to regulating the small-scale mining activities which may include licensing/registration and strict compliance of safety measure to small-scale mining.  Lastly, miners and ball mill operators should be encouraged to submit themselves for blood sampling for mercury analysis  

131-138 Download
3
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4
THE ROLE OF THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL IN ACHIEVING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF TURKEY AND UAE
Nima Alfarra

THE ROLE OF THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL IN ACHIEVING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF TURKEY AND UAE
ABSTRACT:
This study aims to examine the reality of intellectual capital in the private universities of Turkey and UAE and the role of intellectual capital in enhancing their competitive advantage. In this regard, the study explores the extent to which each element of intellectual capital influences the competitive advantage of the universities under the study and whether there is a difference between universities in how to manage the intellectual capital that they own. Accordingly, the study first explains the definition of intellectual capital and its elements (human capital, structural capital, relational capital), as well as the definition of the competitive advantage and its dimensions and fields of achievement in the universities under the study. Besides, it also  investigates the relationship between the administrative procedures followed by these universities in the management of intellectual capital and in enhancing their competitive advantage from several aspects (innovation, quality, flexibility, development, and quality of service). The study relied on the selection of a simple convenience sampling method of the population of private universities in Turkey and UAE by a descriptive analytical approach, so a survey was made to verify the approaches in the theoretical frameworks of the intellectual capital and its relation to the dependent variables, which is the competitive advantage. The hypotheses were tested based on statistical analysis programs. The statistical analysis points to several important results and implications. Findings of the study reveal that there is a statistically significant relationship between the ability of the private universities in Turkey and UAE to manage their intellectual capital and enhance their competitive advantage, while the management of human capital, structural capital, and relational capital seem to have a similar impact rate on the Turkish and UAE private universities in enhancing their competitive advantage. Findings of the study further indicates that there is no statistically significant difference in the average responses of sample members on the level of the availability of intellectual capital requirements and achievement of competitive advantage in the private universities in Turkey and UAE due to some variables like gender, age, qualifications, years of service, years of service in the current position, job title. 

151-171 Download
5
SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR RAON AND AVENIDA
Rowena A. Pila

SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR RAON AND AVENIDA
ABSTRACT:
This study examined the vicinity and business regulations of Avenida Rizal and Raon Street, one of the two prominent communities in the City of Manila, covering Calendar Years 2013 to 2017. The researcher used qualitative method through documentary analysis gathered in the City Records of Manila. It also used quantitative method through structured interview among the local officials and SME’s within the vicinity of the areas in Raon and Avenida Rizal. The researcher scrutinizes the documents gathered in the city of Manila particularly the resolutions and ordinances implemented in the city. The researcher also used secondary sources available at the libraries. The findings of the study reveals that the ordinances and programs implemented are not suitable on the needs of the registered business activities in the City of Manila. It leads to a growing problem in the City of Manila such as illegal vendors, traffic congestions, lack of green spaces etc.  

172-182 Download
6
KNOWLEDGE ON NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC DISASTERS OF POLITICAL LEADERS IN THE FIRST DISTRICT OF ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE
Ed Neil O. Maratas

KNOWLEDGE ON NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC DISASTERS OF POLITICAL LEADERS IN THE FIRST DISTRICT OF ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE
ABSTRACT:
Both emergency management and major catastrophes require a wide array of leadership competencies. Political leaders will devise policy and implement programs that will reduce the loss of life and property, protect the environment, reduce the vulnerability and improve the organizational coordination of their constituents out of harms away from natural and anthropogenic disasters. This research paper aimed to determine the profile, level of knowledge on natural and anthropogenic disasters among political leaders and to test whether age and educational attainment associate their level of knowledge on natural disasters. The descriptive survey method was used with the aid of checklist survey questionnaire. Barangay Captains and Councilors were the respondents of the study from the seven (7) municipalities including one city in the First District of Zamboanga del Norte.  Results revealed that majority of the political leaders are males, 40 years old and above, attended high school educations, earned Php10,000 pesos and below monthly income and have stayed in their locality for more than 20 years. Further, natural disasters that are mostly experienced among political leaders are earthquake, typhoon, thunderstorm, La Niña, El Niño and floods. Furthermore, gender and educational attainment of political leaders associate on knowledge on natural disaster typhoon while, residency associates on knowledge on natural disaster El Niño. In this line, political leaders should manifest alertness and coping ability in times of crises and disasters, for constituents look up to leaders in the community who have the vision and direction that will lead to the return of normalcy after every disaster that happens. Hence, these public servants should have ample knowledge on the different disasters that might occur in their respective municipality.  

183-191 Download
7
ALGORITHM IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE DIFFERENCE SYSTEMS SETS
Editha Rivera Jorda

ALGORITHM IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE DIFFERENCE SYSTEMS SETS
ABSTRACT:
The paper aims to construct Difference System of Sets (DSS) through the algorithm of Tonchev’s theorem and developed a computer program in C++ language to facilitate constructing large prime number  and exhausted all possible values of the number of sets  in DSS.    The constructed DSS was obtained from the partitions of multiplicative group of   for any prime number and difference set of quadratic residue for prime number .  The paper is descriptive in nature.  It describes how to construct DSS through algorithm based on the proof of Tonchev’s theorem.   DSS can be constructed by partitioning the multiplicative of group  and the guadratic residue of .  The base blocks obtained from partitioning multiplicative of group  and the guadratic residue of  are collection of sets, and forms the perfect regular DSS with parameter .  Thus, DSS can be constructed from cyclic difference set based on the proof of Tonchev’s theorem and the partitions are collection of set and forms perfect regular DSS and the developed program can partition DSS from prime number  from  to .  A construction of DSS for prime number   through algorithm of another Tonchev’s theorem is recommended.  

192-204 Download
8
MEASURING SERVICE QUALITY FROM THE TOURISTS’ PERSPECTIVES: A CASE STUDY OF A THEME PARK IN CENTRAL PHILIPPINES
MYLAH R. BOMEDIANO, JENNIFER B. CABARON

MEASURING SERVICE QUALITY FROM THE TOURISTS’ PERSPECTIVES: A CASE STUDY OF A THEME PARK IN CENTRAL PHILIPPINES
ABSTRACT:
Theme parks are designed primarily to entertain and satisfy its customers with its services and products. This study examines the customers’ perception of service quality in  a recently established theme park in the central part of the Philippines. Thirty respondents having visited the theme park were considered in the Servqual. The Servqual survey instrument is a self-administered questionnaire divided into 4 sections to include the 22-item Servqual in a 7-point Likert scale. The data were gathered through the google docs and in printed versions for walk-in tourists visiting the park. The study utilized the descriptive analysis method. Results revealed that the mean average of the service quality of the theme park fell below customer’s expectations in all five dimensions namely: on Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Empathy.  Of the five aspects, the Responsiveness and Assurance attained a highest mean score of 5.23, to refer to the willingness of staff to provide services promptly, and are knowledgeable and courteous enough to gain the trust and confidence of visitors. On the other hand, the dimension on Tangibility had the lowest mean of 4.55, referring to the theme park’s facilities, animal displays, marketing materials, and signage. The rating of these three dimensions indicates the tourists only “somehow agree” that the services met the tourists’ expectations.  It implies that the customer’s satisfaction was not attained. Recommendations were offered to improve on its service quality to achieve customer satisfaction and eventually achieving superior business performance thereby secure its position in the market.  

205-214 Download
9
A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INTERCONNECTIVITY OF OGUN ONIRE FESTIVAL AND IRE-EKITI: TRACING THE ANCESTRAL LINK
Adeleye, Oluwafunke Adeola

A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INTERCONNECTIVITY OF OGUN ONIRE FESTIVAL AND IRE-EKITI: TRACING THE ANCESTRAL LINK
ABSTRACT:
Ogun is a prominent god in Yoruba traditional religious belief. He is renowned and might not require the introduction needed for some other deities in Yorubaland. This study examines the migration account of the origin of the people of Ire-Ekiti, belief about Supreme Being (God) who is worshipped through gods in Yorubaland prior to the coming of the Europeans and the indigenous culture in Ire-Ekiti before the advent of Western Culture. The study focuses principally on the form of Ogun that does not enjoy prominence, which represent a deviation from its other forms in Yorubaland. The focus of this study is to assess the heroic deeds of Ogun, the deity on the evolution of Ire community in Ekiti State. The study examines the circumstances culminating in the emergence of the celebration of Ogun, a deity in Yorubaland. Though Ogun is peculiar to the Yoruba race, he will be discussed majorly within the boundaries of Ire-Ekiti. The study makes use of historical analysis to achieve its objectives. To attain this, primary and secondary sources were used. Primary sources include interview, praise poems, cognomen and rituals. The secondary sources include written materials e.g. journals, textbooks, newspapers, monographs and internet materials.  

215-222 Download
10
PRACTICES OF GOOD GOVERNANCE IN THE CITY GOVERNMENT OF CANDON, ILOCOS SUR, PHILIPPINES
Severino G. Alviento

PRACTICES OF GOOD GOVERNANCE IN THE CITY GOVERNMENT OF CANDON, ILOCOS SUR, PHILIPPINES
ABSTRACT:
This study was conducted to find out the level of implementation of good governance in the City Government of Candon, Ilocos Sur, Philippines as perceived by the constituent-respondents along implementation of law, transparency, responsiveness, effectiveness and efficiency, and accountability. It further looked into the level of practices of good governance in the City Government of Candon, Ilocos Sur, Philippines as perceived by the respondents along citizen’s confidence in the LGU and its officials, and increase in business establishments and economic activities. The findings and conclusions of the study are as follows: majority of the respondents are female, most are Catholics and many are farmers, the level of implementation of good governance in the City Government of Candon, Ilocos Sur as perceived by the respondents is moderately agree (=3.21) along implementation of law, agree (=3.53) along transparency, agree (=3.66) along responsiveness, agree (=3.66) along effectiveness and efficiency, and agree also (=3.94) along accountability. The level of practices of good governance in the City Government of Candon, Ilocos Sur as perceived by the respondents along citizen’s confidence in the LGU and its officials is (=3.33) and along increase in business establishments and economic activities is also (=3.34). The rating are both interpreted as moderately agree.    

223-235 Download
11
AWARENESS AND EVALUATION OF THE FACULTY MEMBERS AND STUDENTS OF NLPSC ON THE PERFORMANCE OF PRESIDENT BENIGNO AQUINO III ADMINISTRATION
MARIFE D. ALVIENTO AND LESLIE P. GARNACE

AWARENESS AND EVALUATION OF THE FACULTY MEMBERS AND STUDENTS OF NLPSC ON THE PERFORMANCE OF PRESIDENT BENIGNO AQUINO III ADMINISTRATION
ABSTRACT:
This study was conducted during summer semester of 2012. The respondents of this study is delimited to the faculty members of NLPSC who are reporting for work during summer semester of 2012 and the senior students who are enrolled during the semester. It made used of the descriptive method of research with the questionnaire as data gathering instrument. The questionnaire was the primary tool used to gather the data needed in the study. The researchers formulated the questionnaires based from the promises made by President Aquino which was published in several newspapers in the country when Pnoy ran as the highest official of the land. Said questionnaire is composed of two parts: the first part is the personal data sheet of the respondents and the second part contains of items on the performance of Pnoy administration along bureaucracy, business, education, OFW and housing. This study found that the faculty member-respondents are highly aware on the performance of Pnoy administration along bureaucracy, business, education and OFW while moderately aware on the housing program of the president. On the other hand, the student-respondents revealed that they are highly aware on the education and OFW program of President Pnoy while moderately aware along bureaucracy, business and housing programs. On the evaluation of Pnoy Administration performance, the faculty member-respondents rated the performance of Pnoy administration as satisfactory. The student-respondents on the other hand evaluated the performance of Pnoy administration along education as very satisfactory while the rest of the items were rated as satisfactory level.    

236-247 Download