December, 2019 , Volume  4, Issue 1
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1
SOME NEW TYPES OF IRRESOLUTE FUNCTIONS IN TOPOLOGICAL SPACES VIA E-OPEN SETS
Ramadhan A. M. Alsaidi, Alaa M. F. Al - Jumaili, Rokan Khaji

SOME NEW TYPES OF IRRESOLUTE FUNCTIONS IN TOPOLOGICAL SPACES VIA E-OPEN SETS
ABSTRACT:
The purpose of present this paper is to introduce and investigate two new classes of irresolute functions called completely e-irresolute functions and completely weakly e-irresolute functions in topological spaces by using the concept of e-open sets. Several new characterizations and interesting properties concerning completely e-irresolute functions and completely weakly e-irresolute functions are obtained. Furthermore the relationships between these functions and some other well-known types of functions are also given. 

1-13 Download
2
SELF-AWARENESS AND EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS’ METACOGNITIVE ABILITY
Jessica S. Esporlas

SELF-AWARENESS AND EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS’ METACOGNITIVE ABILITY
ABSTRACT:
The use of metacognition in learning has been proven beneficial in various researches. Thus, the 21st century education considers the cultivation of metacognition as an important goal. It was the purpose of this study to determine the metacognitive ability and self-learning regulation skills of 175 college students as bases for instructional interventions. The Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) instrument developed by Schraw and Dennison was utilized for self-assessment while the information from class observations and focused-group discussions were considered as empirical data. In self- assessment, students averred that they have high level of competence both in knowledge of cognition and self-learning regulation. Among the three metacognitive components, students showed highest level of competence in declarative knowledge or in the ability to identify factors that affect cognitive functions. In self-learning regulation, students showed highest level of competence in planning which implies that they are best in setting goals and in thinking what they really want to learn than in monitoring and evaluating their cognitive processes. These findings were consistent with actual learning practices except in recalling information, motivation, analysis and comprehension and selection of learning strategies where students rated themselves high in MAI but reality tells otherwise. It was concluded that there was a gap between students’ perception and actual practice. Metacognition as a process requires sufficient time to develop and so constant exposure and engagement to activities that nourish metacognition is suggested.

14-27 Download
3
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE UTILIZATION OF VIDEOS AS SUPPLEMENTARY TEACHING MATERIAL IN GENRE-BASED APPROACH TO TEACH WRITING SKILLS
A. Noreewec, Margana

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE UTILIZATION OF VIDEOS AS SUPPLEMENTARY TEACHING MATERIAL IN GENRE-BASED APPROACH TO TEACH WRITING SKILLS
ABSTRACT:
The use of metacognition in learning has been proven beneficial in various researches. Thus, the 21st century education considers the cultivation of metacognition as an important goal. It was the purpose of this study to determine the metacognitive ability and self-learning regulation skills of 175 college students as bases for instructional interventions. The Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) instrument developed by Schraw and Dennison was utilized for self-assessment while the information from class observations and focused-group discussions were considered as empirical data. In self- assessment, students averred that they have high level of competence both in knowledge of cognition and self-learning regulation. Among the three metacognitive components, students showed highest level of competence in declarative knowledge or in the ability to identify factors that affect cognitive functions. In self-learning regulation, students showed highest level of competence in planning which implies that they are best in setting goals and in thinking what they really want to learn than in monitoring and evaluating their cognitive processes. These findings were consistent with actual learning practices except in recalling information, motivation, analysis and comprehension and selection of learning strategies where students rated themselves high in MAI but reality tells otherwise. It was concluded that there was a gap between students’ perception and actual practice. Metacognition as a process requires sufficient time to develop and so constant exposure and engagement to activities that nourish metacognition is suggested.  

28-39 Download
4
REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN'S IMAGE IN IRANIAN CONTEMPORARY PAINTING (A STUDY BASED ON MICHEL FOUCAULT'S CONCEPT OF POWER)
Mahdis Mohajeri, Asghar Fahimifar

REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN'S IMAGE IN IRANIAN CONTEMPORARY PAINTING (A STUDY BASED ON MICHEL FOUCAULT'S CONCEPT OF POWER)
ABSTRACT:
Representing image of women in Iranian painting has been a place for debate. This image was passive but it has been changed and developed through last decades. This representation used to depict symbolic and idealistic features to define stereotypes for women. What is notable is consistency of the ideal and symbolic attitude toward women, while these roles are far from the women personal experiences. A major institution which can form and classify people is community. Dominant cultures in a society can impact on the way identity of an individual reveals and expresses itself. Art as a part of culture intertwines with the society. There are some dominant beliefs which can influence special groups in a community. Women came across various social and cultural boundaries. This experience can display itself in the art of a society. Therefore, it could claim that governor social power, has an effective role for shaping identities in a community.  Many theorists presented their insights about power, and argued about different shapes and organs of power. Michel Foucault was equally a philosopher, a psychologist, and a historian. The power is central to his thinking on the relations between society, individuals, groups and institutions. Foucault aimed to examine how power works daily between people, and institutions. This research, with an analytical- descriptive method, tries to clarify how power relations define woman as a human being subject in Iranian contemporary painting. Besides, how women resist the power applying to their lives and how they develop their strategy in their paintings. The results of this study marks that female painters unlike male artists, do not consider bodily characteristics of a woman. They avoid pointing out formal feminine features. Instead they focus on inner feelings.  

40-50 Download
5
ANAPHORA AND CATAPHORA ON THE SELECTED STATE OF THE CITY ADDRESSES OF THE MAYOR OF DAPITAN
Mark Herman S. Potoy

ANAPHORA AND CATAPHORA ON THE SELECTED STATE OF THE CITY ADDRESSES OF THE MAYOR OF DAPITAN
ABSTRACT:
State of the City Address (SOCA) is a speech modelled after the State of the Nation Address, given not as mandated by law but usually a matter of practice or tradition delivered before the chief executive’s constituents. Through this, the general public is made to know the performance of the local government unit and its agenda for the coming year. Therefore, it is imperative for SOCAs to clearly convey its message and carry out the myriad function of enlightening its readers which could be achieved through the proper use of reference. Anaphora and cataphora are the two (2) major types of reference, the former refer back to something that has already been mentioned while the latter points forward to something which is yet to be said. This paper seeks to identify the types of reference employed on the SOCAs from 2014 to 2016 of Hon. Rosalina Garcia Jalosjos, Mayor of Dapitan City and look into how the references contribute to the clarity of the message of the text. The qualitative method of research is used in this study through an in-depth analysis of the corpus. As soon as the copies of the SOCAs are secured from the Office of the City Mayor, they are then analyzed using documentary technique categorizing the types of reference as to anaphora and cataphora, counting each of these types and describing the implications of the dominant types used in the addresses. After a thorough analysis, it is found out that the two reference types namely, anaphora and cataphora are both employed on the three (3) SOCAs, the former being used more frequently than the latter accounting to 80% and 20% of actual usage, respectively. Moreover, the use of anaphors and cataphors on the three (3) addresses helps in conveying the message clearly because they primarily become aids to avoid the repetition of the same element in the text especially when there wasn’t a need to emphasize a point. Finally, it is recommended that writers of State of the City Addresses should have a vast knowledge on how reference should be used and the functions they take in the text, since this is a vital tool to clearly transmit a message. Moreover, English teachers should explicitly teach the proper usage of anaphora and cataphora, as instruments to develop cohesion in written discourse, to enable students to write not only with sense but also with fluidity in tying utterances together.

51-64 Download
6
SOLUBILIZATION OF ROCK PHOSPHATES BY INDIGENOUS RHIZOBIA NODULATING SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX (L.) MERR. ) ISOLATED FROM TWO CAMEROONIAN SOILS
Foncha, Felix Laurette, Ngo Nkot Kamguia, Kamdem Monkam, Tchamaha Fabrice ; Fankem, Henri Adamou, Sulemanou Ngakou, Albert and Nwaga, Dieudonne3

SOLUBILIZATION OF ROCK PHOSPHATES BY INDIGENOUS RHIZOBIA NODULATING SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX (L.) MERR. ) ISOLATED FROM TWO CAMEROONIAN SOILS
ABSTRACT:
Declining soil fertility is an important limiting factor for crop production. The aim of this experiment was to isolate Legume Nodulating Bacteria (LNB) from root nodules of soybean (Glycine max. L. Merr.) plants and evaluate their ability to solubilize phosphates. Soil samples were collected in Cameroon from two location sites: Bayangam and Douala from two different agroecological zones. Nodulation of soybean was examined in plastic bags and root nodules were collected from trap plants six weeks after planting. After their isolation, the bacteria were confirmed as legume nodulating bacteria (LNB) by re-nodulating Glycine max and Macroptilium atropurpureum. The morphological characteristics of isolates were determined. The phosphate solubilizing ability of the rhizobial isolates was performed in solid and liquid media. Data obtained were analyzed statistically with the aid of the sigma plot 12.0 software. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was run to find the differences between the various parameters and the HSD Turkey test was used to compare the different treatments. The dendrogram was constructed with the aid of the XLSTAT software. A collection of 21 isolates was obtained on Yeast Extract Mannitol Agar medium. Authentication experiments confirmed that all the isolates were LNB due to their ability to infect the host plant. Soybean isolates are different morphologically. The dendrogram of the phenotypic characteristics showed that, below the boundary level of 20% average similarity, isolates fell into at least three distinct groups. All isolates showed fast-growing capacity. Most isolates (71.43%) were able to solubilize rock phosphates. The ability to solubilize phosphate differed among isolates and also with phosphate origin. The solubilization index varied from 1.6 to 4.5. The quantity of solubilized phosphate varies with the origin of phosphate added in the medium. The phosphate solubilization is accompanied by a reduction in the pH of the culture medium.

65-86 Download
7
ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE IN THE LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS OF STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN REGION III, PHILIPPINES
Nelvin Rivera Nool, Maria Agnes Panganiban Ladia

ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE IN THE LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS OF STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN REGION III, PHILIPPINES
ABSTRACT:
This study aimed to analyze the performance in the licensure examination for teachers (LET) elementary level of state universities and colleges (SUCs) in Region III, Philippines. The sample consisted of 6,937 examinees from the seven state universities (3,134 first timers and 3,803 repeaters) and 1,571 from the four state colleges (810 first timers and 761 repeaters), for a total of 8,508 examinees. The data on the LET performance of the SUCs were obtained from the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). Findings showed that only 48 percent of the first timers from the state universities and 54 percent from the state colleges or an overall 49 percent passed the LET. Considering the performance of the first-timers, only two state universities and two state colleges had at least 50% passing percentage. On the other hand, only 26 percent of the repeaters passed the licensure examination, while the overall passing percentage to 37 percent. Moreover, the state colleges had also higher passing percentages than the state universities in terms of first timers, repeaters and overall performance. In addition, the SUCs in the region had better LET performance than the national passing percentage. Interestingly, the examinees from the SUCs had significantly higher passing percentages during March examinations than September examinations. Implications of the results for the improvement of teacher education program are also discussed.  

87-94 Download
8
MORPHEMIC VARIATIONS OF CONTENT WORDS IN CEBUANO-VISAYAN LANGUAGE BETWEEN ADULT AND TEENAGE SOCIOLECTS
Jovelyn M. Cantina

MORPHEMIC VARIATIONS OF CONTENT WORDS IN CEBUANO-VISAYAN LANGUAGE BETWEEN ADULT AND TEENAGE SOCIOLECTS
ABSTRACT:
This paper argues that Cebuano Visayan content words are spoken with morphemic variations in Zamboanga del Norte between the adult sociolect and teenage sociolect. After a thorough analysis, most nouns spoken in Cebuano Visayan by adult sociolect are derivations of those in teenage sociolect with the use of synonymous word variants and consonant shifts. Cebuano Visayan verbs spoken by adult and teenage sociolect reveal morphemic variations through synonymous word variants. Most adjectives spoken by adult sociolects are variations of those spoken by teenage sociolect through synonymous word variants.  Cebuano Visayan adverbs spoken by adult sociolect are variations from those by teenage sociolect through synonymous word variants. Further, Cebuano Visayan content words are spoken with morphemic variations between adult and teenage speech communities. Along this, it is hereby recommended that Cebuano Visayan noun variants can be used to enrich its existing lexicon. CV verb variants can intensify the CV production patterns in syntax. CV adjective variants can magnify the textual ties of literariness in poesy. CV adverb variants can create a colourful narrativity in CV fiction. Research topics are also hereby offered to enhance linguistic investigation in native tongues: Colloquialisms in Cebuano Visayan and Spanish Loan Words in Cebuano Visayan.  

95-99 Download
9
FEAST OF ST. CLEMENTE AND HIGANTES FESTIVAL AS SCENE FOR PUBLIC ART: ITS SOCIO-CULTURAL RELEVANCE IN ANGONO, RIZAL, PHILIPPINES
NORBERTO M.

FEAST OF ST. CLEMENTE AND HIGANTES FESTIVAL AS SCENE FOR PUBLIC ART: ITS SOCIO-CULTURAL RELEVANCE IN ANGONO, RIZAL, PHILIPPINES
ABSTRACT:
This exploratory paper discusses the socio-cultural relevance in the contemporary scene of the celebration of Higantes Festival and Feast of St. Clemente in Angono, Rizal, Philippines. Participant observation on the celebration of the feasts was conducted, and interviews were utilized to gather relevant data that would shed light on the objectives of this paper. Interpretations of the symbolic significance of the performances in the celebration were done through hermeneutics. It was revealed that the feast, as venue of public art, reflect following relevance: (1) strengthening the religiosity, and (2) depicting solidarity and hospitality as value systems of the community.

100-106 Download
10
EMPLOYABILITY OF BS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GRADUATES: A TRACER STUDY
VICPHER D. GARNADA, MELIZA J. CHATTO

EMPLOYABILITY OF BS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GRADUATES: A TRACER STUDY
ABSTRACT:
The study aimed to determine the employment background and status of the Bachelor of Science in Information Technology graduates of J.H. Cerilles State College (JHCSC) Dumingag Campus during the period of 2012 to 2017. Descriptive quantitative method was used as the design of this tracer study. A modified-standardized questionnaire based on the master survey instrument of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and interview techniques to gather relevant data of the study were utilized. Out of two hundred twenty (220) graduates, there were only 160 respondents who responded the survey through electronic mail and social networking sites. Frequency count, percentage computation, and mean score were utilized in identifying the respondent’s profile and the level of usefulness and relevance of the work-related values and skills and curriculum-related factors. The findings revealed that most of the graduates are gainfully employed, half of which got job less than six months after graduation, and are regular employees or with permanent status, while the other respondents are either temporary, or casual employees. Most of them are in the business sector, and are in the entry-level positions. Human relation and technical skills being taught in the core and professional courses during college were more important in the workplace of the graduates. Thus, it is recommended that the College may provide more faculty development program to improve teaching competencies of the faculty, conduct curriculum review and upgrade the instructional facilities of the institution.  

107-119 Download