International Review of Humanities

& Scientific Research

ISSN: 2519-5336

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Year 2018 , Volume  3, Issue 3
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
THE IMPACT OF REGULATORY POLICIES TOWARDS COMMUNITY SUSTAINABILITY IN MANDALUYONG CITY
Rowena A. Pila

THE IMPACT OF REGULATORY POLICIES TOWARDS COMMUNITY SUSTAINABILITY IN MANDALUYONG CITY
ABSTRACT:

The regulatory policies under local government units (LGUs) served as the basis for an adoption of a vision of the community. Thus, there is a need an effective and substantial regulatory policy that realigned based on the needs of the local residents to provide a sustainable development. 

This study aimed primarily to investigate the impact of effective regulatory policies towards that provide sustainable community of Mandaluyong City in terms of the delivery of basic services for the years 2010-2016. The researcher used qualitative analysis wherein it assesses the documents and accomplishments report gathered in the city records of Mandaluyong. It also used the quantitative approach to distribute questionnaire among the four groups of respondents in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the regulatory policies which provide a programs for the welfare of the local residents. The researcher has a total respondents of 536 based on the recommendation of the local authorities who identified the possible participants of the study.

Findings of the study revealed strong and innovative leadership, and realignment of regulatory policies which fit to the needs of the local residents that build a sustainable community. However, the Local Government also focused on socialized housing for the underprivileged of Mandaluyong City.

 

314-330 Download
2
NARRATIVE INTERPRETIVE CENTERS IN RAY BRADBURY’S CISTERN: EXPOSING INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL HUMAN CONFLICTS
Abdullah H. Kurraz

NARRATIVE INTERPRETIVE CENTERS IN RAY BRADBURY’S CISTERN: EXPOSING INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL HUMAN CONFLICTS
ABSTRACT:

331-346 Download
3

GREATNESS OF PAUL SAMUELSON


PROF S KANNAN

GREATNESS OF PAUL SAMUELSON


ABSTRACT:

GREATNESS OF PAUL SAMUELSON

347-349 Download
4
Employers Feedback on College of Arts and Sciences Graduates: An Exploratory Study in JRMSU Main Campus Dapitan City
Ed Neil O. Maratas

Employers Feedback on College of Arts and Sciences Graduates: An Exploratory Study in JRMSU Main Campus Dapitan City
ABSTRACT:

Graduate employability has been increasingly the focus of higher education institutions in the Philippines. The demand for higher level of skill includes frequent updating of skills, and excellent technical skills, thus, employers look for graduates who are flexible and willing to learn on the job, technically competent and committed to excellence. Meanwhile, this research undertaking aimed to gather employer’s feedback on the performance of graduates in Jose Rizal Memorial State University. Specifically, it determines the number of graduates employed in terms of course program. Further, this paper finds out the employer’s rating as to various attributes of the graduates. It utilized a descriptive survey method, utilizing a checklist questionnaire with 86 employers as target sample respondents of the study who hired graduates of JRMSU from SY 2010 – 2011 to 2014 – 2015. The result revealed that most of the employed employees are the Bachelor of Science in Criminology and Computer Science graduates of JRMSU. Moreover, there are industries that cater or hire JMRSU graduates though their course is not suitable. It also further noted, industries suggestion that there are areas the graduates of JRMSU should pay attention such as verbal communication skills, analytical and critical thinking skills and initiative and enterprise. Generally, employers are quite positive about the performance and competence the graduates of the College of Arts and Sciences possessed. It is recommended that the university curriculum designing may be participated by stakeholders and various industries that would maximize the new graduate achievement and capabilities that count for early professional success.

350-355 Download
5
Exploratory Analysis of Students Performance in Algebra and Plane Trigonometry: A Proposed Entrance Exam Policy
Ed Neil O. Maratas

Exploratory Analysis of Students Performance in Algebra and Plane Trigonometry: A Proposed Entrance Exam Policy
ABSTRACT:

A three-year data, specifically from school year 2008 – 2009 to 2010 – 2011, on students’ performance in mathematics subjects (College Algebra and Plane Trigonometry) were analyzed to determine the following: (1) enrolment in these two disciplines; (2) the number of passers in each subject; (3) the number of dropouts, which include unofficial withdrawal and official withdrawal; (4) report of average final rating in College Algebra and Trigonometry, and (5) higher percentage of passers, drop outs or failed in College Algebra and Trigonometry subject.  Mean, percentage, graphical and tabular methods were used to present, analyze and interpret the available secondary data. Results of the study revealed an upward trend of enrollment in Trigonometry and gradual downward trend of College Algebra which signifies re-takers enrolled every year. Furthermore, there were few female students who performed better compared to their male counterpart. In addition, males had higher percentage of drop outs in College Algebra and Plane Trigonometry over the period of years covered. Findings of the study also showed that there were some students who were not totally prepared to take the said subjects. Further, new input data for tertiary education indicate females performing good compared to their male counterparts have fair performance in both disciplines. The concerned offices are hereby requested to issue a formal memorandum for compliance and implementation of an Entrance Examination Policy and a separate course (Math 0) for incoming freshmen students who wanted to enroll Computer Science. 

356-363 Download
6
MEASURING THE SIX-DIMENSIONAL ASPECTS OF WELLNESS AMONG BSOA STUDENTS AT THE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
DR. GREGORIO A. REYES,ASSOC. PROF. RONNIE A. IDIAN

MEASURING THE SIX-DIMENSIONAL ASPECTS OF WELLNESS AMONG BSOA STUDENTS AT THE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
ABSTRACT:

The purpose of the study was to determine the perceived wellness among the BSOA Students at Polytechnic University of the Philippines in the six-dimensional aspects: psychological, emotional, social, physical, spiritual, and intellectual.  Quantitative Research Method was used in this study.  Quantitative Research Method emphasizes objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon.   Assessment of the Respondents on six-dimensional wellness were as follows: Psychological Aspect was interpreted  “Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.41; Emotional Aspect was rated  “Somewhat Agree” having a grand weighted mean of 4.12; Social Aspect, majority of the respondents chosen  “Agree” as verbal interpretation which garnered a general weighted mean of 4.34; Physical Aspect, was interpreted “Somewhat Agree”  by majority of the respondents  and obtained a grand weighted mean of 3.96; Spiritual Aspect had a verbal interpretation of “Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.38; lastly, Intellectual Aspect was verbally interpreted “Somewhat Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.18.  The test for significant difference on the assessment of respondents towards the Six-Dimensional Aspects of Wellness had a moderate to very strong difference to position, while it had a Weak to Very Strong difference between the six-dimensional aspect to sex,  and lastly, six-dimensional aspect of wellness have a Weak to Strong positive  difference to age.  Majority of the respondents interpreted “Agree” the aspects of Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Aspects, while Emotional, Physical and Intellectual Aspects is interpreted “Somewhat Agree”.  This implies that the respondents are self-assured with their Psychological, Social and Spiritual Aspects while doubting their Emotional, Physical and Intellectual aspects. Therefore, the researchers conclude that the respondents’ wellness in terms of these six-dimensional wellness aspects is not balanced. It is concluded that there is no significant difference in the assessment of the respondents in the six-dimensional wellness aspects as to the position, sex, and age. Based on the conclusions, the researchers recommend the following: The respondents should focus on cultivating the aspects which got a low assessment in terms of emotional, physical and intellectual aspects.  Therefore, head of offices should provide a more intensive trainings and seminars in order to develop these three aspects of wellness. Since that there is no significant difference in the assessment of the respondents in the six-dimensional wellness aspects as to the position, sex, and age.  It is recommended that another aspect of the respondent’s profile should be tested with the six-dimensional wellness aspect in order to determine if the same result will come out.  Future researchers may conduct a follow-up study in order to validate the result of this research or they may conduct the same research with a new set of respondents.

 

364-384 Download
7
THE SCHOOL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OF THE DISASTER-PRONE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
Ariel U. Cubillas

THE SCHOOL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OF THE DISASTER-PRONE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
ABSTRACT:

The schools today are facing a lot of problems regarding the undesirable effects of disasters. Situated in a low–lying area, Butuan City, Philippines gained nationwide attention regarding vulnerability to frequent disasters that cause loss of lives and damaged properties. The Butuan City public elementary schools are no exemptions to this destruction. The researcher took interest on how the disaster-prone schools of Butuan City dealt with the pressing issue. The study focused on the program initiated by the Department of Education, the School Disaster Risk Reduction Management Program. The researcher used both quantitative and qualitative design in the collection of data with 20 disaster-prone elementary schools as respondents.  It was found in the study that school heads organized School Disaster risk Reduction Management Group (SDRRMG) in their respective schools. The study further revealed that the respondent-schools encountered several problems on the performance of the duties and functions of the SDRRM members including the lack of training and equipment. In the SDRRM components, they found that there was a poor serving entrance for school children, absence of building emergency evacuation, lack of training of the SDRRG members, dearth of equipment, and a discontinuity of instruction. Lastly, the duties and functions of the SDRRM team are significant factors in the implementation of the SDRRM program.

 

Key Words: disaster-prone, prevention and mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation, School Disaster Risk Reduction Management

385-396 Download
8
GREENING AND FURNISHING PUBLIC SPACES FOR SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT IN ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE CAPITAL, NIGERIA
DR. OLUFEMI OJO-FAJURU,PROF. AMBROSE ADEBAYO ,DR. PAULINE ADEBAYO

GREENING AND FURNISHING PUBLIC SPACES FOR SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT IN ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE CAPITAL, NIGERIA
ABSTRACT:

Abstract

      Rapid urbanisation has been responsible for changes occurring in developing countries like Nigeria, where cities experience increasing population occasioned by wanton rural-urban migration. Since Ado-Ekiti was designated as Ekiti State’s capital in 1996, the ever-increasing spatial demand for diverse human activities has put pressure on inelastic land resources and public spaces, leading to unplanned expansion of the cities into the suburbs. The amorphous development, tantamount to inequitable and unsustainable land use, is manifested in environmental degradation, aggravation of the urban heat island syndrome, and livability reduction in the city. This paper examines the extent to which informal developments have invaded public spaces, and proposes the utilization of green landscaping and furniture to create functional and friendly environment. The reestablishment of inclusive green spaces to make great places promotes livability, inclusiveness and a sustainable cityscape. The study reviews literature and conducts field survey to identify and substantiate green infrastructure gaps and options available to fill them. Findings reveal high incidence of encroachment, complete vegetal removal, excessive hard landscaping, gross inadequacy or outright lack of furnished recreational open spaces, parks, and gardens; culminating in scanty greenery in the urban web. The paper recommends the reclamation, aggressive greening and furnishing of public spaces, backed by model, programmes, effective policy directives, enabling laws, citizen participation, and good governance. These initiatives guarantee city transformation, enhanced aesthetics, improved urban comfort, livability, inclusiveness and sustainable landscape development, thereby making Ado-Ekiti a future great city.

 

Key Words

Green landscaping; Street furniture; Public spaces; Placemaking; Sustainable development.

 

397-417 Download
9

ONLINE GAMING ADDICTION AND ACADEMIC ATTITUDES: THE CASE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS IN THE PHILIPPINES


Vicpher D. Garnada

ONLINE GAMING ADDICTION AND ACADEMIC ATTITUDES: THE CASE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS IN THE PHILIPPINES


ABSTRACT:

This study aimed to determine the influence of online computer game addiction on the academic attitudes of students in the tertiary schools of Salug Valley, Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. It determined the level of addiction in playing computer games, the academic attitudes as influenced by online computer games and the significant relationship between students’ online computer game addiction and their academic attitudes.  A total of 365 students were utilized as respondents of the study. It employed descriptive-survey and analysis and adopted online computer games addiction questionnaire of Conrad and influence of online computer games to the academic attitudes questionnaire, which was prepared by the researcher.The responses were drawn using frequency counts, percentage, rank, Weighted Average Mean, and Pearson correlation coefficient. The study revealed that the respondents have moderate level online game addiction risk and their academic attitudes were fairly affected by online computer games. Further, there was no significant relationship between online game addiction and students’ academic attitudes toward study habits, achieving goals, academic responsibility, but has significant relationship in their participation in extra-academic activities. The study recommends that the school administrators may facilitate engaging and interactive activities that will divert students’ attention and will foster mass participation. Moreover, guidance counselorsmay provide services to guide and help the students solve common problems with regard to their academic attitudes. Parentsmayalways monitor and motivate their children to limit their exposure to computers and lead to the right and good things that they may spend their time on.

418-426 Download
10
SYNTACTIC SEGMENTATION LINEARITY IN AMADOR DAGUIOS MAN OF EARTH
Jovelyn M. Cantina

SYNTACTIC SEGMENTATION LINEARITY IN AMADOR DAGUIOS MAN OF EARTH
ABSTRACT:

Poetry consists of language yet produces effects that ordinary language does not produce. It is a language differently ordered or arranged. Linguistic analysis, when applied to poetry, would result in a grammar that is different from the grammar that a linguistic analysis of ordinary language would produce. This linguistic research is supported by Corder’s theory of linear grammar which theorizes that the structural linearity of language is revealed in the constituent construct making up the syntax (sentence). It investigates syntactically the textuality of the poem “Man of Earth” written by Amador T. Daguio. It aims to identify the two components of syntax which are the immediate constituents and word order.  This qualitative study uses the syntactic structural analysis of two phases, the immediate constituents analysis and word order analysis. Findings reveal that the lexical categories that make up the immediate constituents of the poem are nouns, verbs, determiners, auxiliaries, prepositions, conjunctions, adjectives, pronouns, adverbs, and interjections. Word order analysis reveal that there are five (5) S-LV-SC patterns, five (5) S-V patterns, and three (3) S-TV-DO patterns used in the poems. In conclusion, the poem written by Amador T. Daguio reveals the immediate constituents and word order of sentences of the syntactic structures of its textuality. This study recommends that poems of other Filipino writers will be analysed to compare its structural linearity, and integrate the poem in teaching the basic sentence patterns in a language class.

 

Keywords: syntax, segmentation linearity, poetry, man of earth

427-435 Download
11
EXAMINING THE EFFECTS OF CORRECTIVE-FEEDBACK AND TASK COMPLEXITY ON L2 LEARNERS WRITTEN PRODUCTIONS
Shamsurahman Adel,Nik Aloesnita

EXAMINING THE EFFECTS OF CORRECTIVE-FEEDBACK AND TASK COMPLEXITY ON L2 LEARNERS WRITTEN PRODUCTIONS
ABSTRACT:

Previous studies examined the effectiveness of different types of corrective-feedback (CF) in improving the accuracy and its effect on second language (L2) learners� writing (Ahmadi et al. 2012; Farid & Samad, 2012; Kamberi, 2013; Lyster & Sato, 2010). However, little has examined the effects of feedback on L2 writing (Adel & Nik, 2014a; Zailin, Nik & Ainol, 2012) particularly when task complexity factor is concerned (Adams, Newton, Amani, & Nik, 2014).Therefore, the current study intended to examine the effects of implicit corrective feedback (ICF) and task complexity on complexity, accuracy and fluency (CAF) of L2 learner written production. Thirty-seven (N=37) undergraduate L2 learners of different engineering majors at a technical university in Malaysia participated in the study. The data was collected in two stages as a pretest and posttest. The learners were randomly assigned to +reasoning demand (+RD) and �reasoning demand (-RD) groups based on task complexity framework (Robinson, 2007). Within an hour, each learner in the two groups was required to complete essay writing on a topic (communication at workplace). Learners in the complex task (+RD) group were given causal reasoning factors as the points to be included in the content while learners in the less complex task (-RD) group were given freedom to include any points in the content of their essay writing. Implicit CF was given to each of the essay in a week interval. During the posttest, each learner was required to revise his/ her essay based on the implicit CF provided. This activity was completed in an hour. Collected data from pre and posttests were analyzed using t-test. Results of the study indicated that an increase in task complexity along resource-directing variable (+/-reasoning demand) and implicit CF affected accuracy of learner written productions while no effects were found on complexity and fluency of their written productions. The study highlighted that ICF and task complexity deemed important in a L2 setting and both can affect learner written productions.

436-454 Download
12
Linking University Internal Communication Network with Faculty Job Satisfaction
Joji Recamara,None,None,None,None

Linking University Internal Communication Network with Faculty Job Satisfaction
ABSTRACT:

Internal communication is the forefront for technical operations and employee satisfaction and the lifeblood of any thriving organization. In organizations it is the source of power and means for applying the optimal legal and administrative actions that are in the organizational hierarchy. When there are problems rooted in communication processes possible solutions are applied to maintain a healthy and favorable conditions in as much as to protect the organizational image and credibility. This study was conducted to find out the relationship between internal communication network and the job satisfaction of the faculty of Jose Rizal Memorial State University (JRMSU) System, School Year 2015 2016. The descriptive survey and correlational methods of research were used in the study with the aid of questionnaire checklist which was administered to 482 faculty-respondents. The study revealed that the internal communication network along downward, upward, and horizontal communication flows moderately occurred in the university with moderately satisfied faculty. However, internal communication network significantly influenced the job satisfaction of the faculty. It is recommended that the top level management particularly the campus administrators, deans and administrative staff who are all involved in the communication network of the five campuses of the university system should consider and give careful attention to the factors that highly translate the job satisfaction of the faculty and design strategies that would ensure free flowing and open communication. Keywords: Internal communication, job satisfaction, downward communication, upward communication and horizontal communication

455-463 Download
13
The Defects in the Teaching of the English Tenses in Pakistani Schools and Colleges
Muhammad Bilal,Shah Faisal

The Defects in the Teaching of the English Tenses in Pakistani Schools and Colleges
ABSTRACT:

Abstract

English has got the status of the international language for it is holding the prestigious status of either educational or official language in almost all the countries of the world. In both situations it needs to be taught and learnt for educational and official purposes. Being one of the most complicated languages of the world its grammar has to be taught and learnt to enable the learners to speak and write correct English. Grammar deals with written as well as with spoken English. Tenses occupy the most prominent position among the grammatical element or categories of the English Language. The English Tense is the pedagogy of the English Language, what the key is to the lock. But unfortunately, a very poor and defective system of teaching tenses has been adopted in Pakistani School and Colleges. Still the old outdated and traditional way of teaching tenses is in vogue, or in other words language particular rules are substituted with language general rules, with the result that majority of students in these school and colleges cannot express themselves in English.

Keywords:  tenses, teaching, translation, mistakes, foreign language, learning SL, Grammatical category 

464-476 Download
14
DIALOGIC AESTHETIC DYNAMICS IN ROBERT FROSTS POETICS, A BAKHTINIAN SKETCH
Abdullah H. Kurraz

DIALOGIC AESTHETIC DYNAMICS IN ROBERT FROSTS POETICS, A BAKHTINIAN SKETCH
ABSTRACT:

It is through poetic dialogues that modern poems open wide prospects for readers to find magic technical touches and creative thresholds that appeal to human taste. Such dialogic poetic dynamics are realistic and reliable human tools that express the poetic experiences. This paper explores the poetic techniques of dialogue and monologue in modern poetry. In the light of the premises of monologism and dialogism, the paper traces Robert Frost's dialogic and monologic poetics. The paper concludes that the dialogic style in poetry is a result of creative desire to renovate modern human poetics in structure and content. This critical application of Mikhail Bakhtin’s theoretical concepts of the dialogic and the monologic enables Frost to insightfully create a poetic flavor that is more capable of expressing and portraying the spirit of the modern life.

 

477-489 Download
15
POWER AND POLITICS: SOME ASPECTS OF ḴHĀNAQĀH CULTURE IN DELHI SULTANATE
Maira Hilal

POWER AND POLITICS: SOME ASPECTS OF ḴHĀNAQĀH CULTURE IN DELHI SULTANATE
ABSTRACT:

The sixteen and seventeenth-century mark the important changes in the realm of ideas and believes the rise of Sufi orders and their ḵhānaqāh. The khanaqah culture has a long history that has been vital to determine the power equitation between prominent Sufi orders of Delhi Sultanate. In the present article benefaction provided by the Delhi sultan to Sufi saints is discuss in detail as well as a description of Sufis ḵhānaqāh and their work is made. The research has undergone to debate the most integrating question that how ḵhānaqāh culture had to challenge the political and religious harmony in order to popularize the teaching of Sufism in South Asia. The study entails a long discussion of what does the historical genres of medieval India tell us about folk literature. In this regards, the researcher has consulted descriptive and analytical research methods also follow the primary and secondary sources. Thus the whole study suggests that in Delhi sultanate there was a complex social and administrative network existed within ḵhānaqāh where the progression of knowledge was endorsed by sultanas through their monetary genericity.

490-503 Download