International Review of Humanities

& Scientific Research

ISSN: 2519-5336

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Year 2018 , Volume  3, Issue 1
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
Affection towards Violent Media and Aggressive Attitude among Secondary level Students (15-17 years) in Islamabad and Rawalpindi


Zooni Ashfaq

Affection towards Violent Media and Aggressive Attitude among Secondary level Students (15-17 years) in Islamabad and Rawalpindi


ABSTRACT:

The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the state of the research by predicting and comparing attitudes about aggression among adolescent boys and girls on the basis of their exposure to media violence. The study used a mixed method approach utilizing survey method and interview method. Two hundred adolescent boys and girls aged 15-17 were selected from seven schools located in capital city Islamabad. The quantitative data was collected using four instruments: the Informed Consent, Demographic Performa, Media Violence Affection scale, and Aggressive Attitude Scale. The results indicated after applying complex statistical measures that (?R2 = .48, F =21.05, P < .000) boys  develop more affection towards media violence and ultimately exhibit greater aggression as compared to girls, as well as media violence is 48% contributing factor in initiating and extending violence among both genders.  Qualitative data revealed through cluster and percentage analysis of interview responses, also verified that adolescents have affection towards media violence and ultimately exhibit greater aggression.

1-14 Download
2

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE LIFE PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF THE SINGLE PARENTS


Susan F. Soriano,Arcely L. Hariramani ,Ma. Jesusa D. Galendez

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE LIFE PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF THE SINGLE PARENTS


ABSTRACT:

This study was designed to find out the gender differences in the life perception and attitude of the selected single parents in Mandaluyong City and Pasig City. For this particular study, the researchers focused the study on the male and female respondents with the following category: single parent with child/children, widow/widower with dependents, common-law husband and wife with children, and legally married but separated with children. The researchers used the descriptive causal comparative research design. Non-probability sampling technique was utilized for sampling method. Because there was a special category of the respondents, the researchers used purposive sampling scheme. In order to determine the sample size needed for the general level of accuracy, the researchers used the worst case percentage (50%), and computed the confidence interval at confidence level of 95% (although survey system ignores the population size when it is “large” or unknown)and the answer given was 10. With the use of confidence interval, the sample size revealed ninety six (96). Population size is only likely to be a factor when you work with a relatively small and known group of people. Three hundred (300) survey/questionnaires were distributed to the target respondents but only ninety-six (96) were retrieved and became the sample representative. The researchers used two instruments: The Adjustment Inventory by Hugh M. Bell and Self-esteem Scale by Rosenberg. The Adjustment Inventory by Bell measured the following characteristics: home, health, social and emotional adjustment while Self-esteem Scale by Rosenberg measured the self-esteem of each respondents. Arithmetic mean was employed to find out the weighted mean. The Pearson Product of Moment Correlation was utilized to find out the correlation coefficient of the variables and Z test was used to test the proportion. Based on statistical treatment, the result showed  r = 0.997, perfect positive correlation; where  n =96; a = 0.05; ∑X = 17.01; ∑Y91.8, df = 94. The computed value 0.997 was greater than the tabular value which was 0.205, therefore, the null hypothesis “there is no significant difference between male and female single parents’ life perception and attitude” was rejected , hence, alternative hypothesis was accepted.

Based from the Z-test, the computed value .1280 was greater than critical value which was 0.0596, therefore, the null hypothesis “there is no significant difference between male and female single parent’s life perception and attitude enhancement” was rejected, hence, alternative hypothesis was accepted. 

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3
MEASURING THE SIX-DIMENSIONAL ASPECT 
OF WELLNESS AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE EMPLOYEES
AT THE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
 

DR. GREGORIO A. REYES,RONNIE A. IDIAN,LOIDA A. YACAT

MEASURING THE SIX-DIMENSIONAL ASPECT 
OF WELLNESS AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE EMPLOYEES
AT THE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
 

ABSTRACT:

The purpose of the study was to determine the perceived wellness among the Administrative Employees at Polytechnic University of the Philippines in the six-dimensional aspects: psychological, emotional, social, physical, spiritual, and intellectual.  Quantitative Research Method was used in this study.  Quantitative Research Method emphasizes objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon.   Assessment of the Respondents on six-dimensional wellness were as follows: Psychological Aspect was interpreted  “Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.41; Emotional Aspect was rated  “Somewhat Agree” having a grand weighted mean of 4.12; Social Aspect, majority of the respondents chosen  “Agree” as verbal interpretation which garnered a general weighted mean of 4.34; Physical Aspect, was interpreted “Somewhat Agree”  by majority of the respondents  and obtained a grand weighted mean of 3.96; Spiritual Aspect had a verbal interpretation of “Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.38; lastly, Intellectual Aspect was verbally interpreted “Somewhat Agree” with a grand weighted mean of 4.18.  The test for significant difference on the assessment of respondents towards the Six-Dimensional Aspects of Wellness had a moderate to very strong difference to position, while it had a Weak to Very Strong difference between the six-dimensional aspect to sex,  and lastly, six-dimensional aspect of wellness have a Weak to Strong positive  difference to age.  Majority of the respondents interpreted “Agree” the aspects of Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Aspects, while Emotional, Physical and Intellectual Aspects is interpreted “Somewhat Agree”.  This implies that the respondents are self-assured with their Psychological, Social and Spiritual Aspects while doubting their Emotional, Physical and Intellectual aspects. Therefore, the researchers conclude that the respondents’ wellness in terms of these six-dimensional wellness aspects is not balanced. It is concluded that there is no significant difference in the assessment of the respondents in the six-dimensional wellness aspects as to the position, sex, and age. Based on the conclusions, the researchers recommend the following: The respondents should focus on cultivating the aspects which got a low assessment in terms of emotional, physical and intellectual aspects.  Therefore, head of offices should provide a more intensive trainings and seminars in order to develop these three aspects of wellness. Since that there is no significant difference in the assessment of the respondents in the six-dimensional wellness aspects as to the position, sex, and age.  It is recommended that another aspect of the respondent’s profile should be tested with the six-dimensional wellness aspect in order to determine if the same result will come out.  Future researchers may conduct a follow-up study in order to validate the result of this research or they may conduct the same research with a new set of respondents.

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4
Theories of Aging {Review)
Zeinab A Hassan,Shaima M Almasry,Dalia A Mohamed,Shereen A El Tarhony

Theories of Aging {Review)
ABSTRACT:

Aging results as a form of damage during which an organ or a system becomes worn away or damaged that add more stress on other organs. There are irreversible, physical or chemical, changes within cells that gradually alter the cellular functions. Aging is genetically programmed by a neurological center that functions as a intrinsic aging chronometer. Research is still ongoing to determine the cause(s) or explain the process of aging. No theory could adequately explain the process of growing old on its own. Aging processes are better explained if a number of these theories are integrated. Complex gene therapy can radically extend lifespan and prevent age-related pathologies.

52-61 Download
5
Household Economics in the context of Women Contribution in Improving Family
Retsy Tomaquin-Malong

Household Economics in the context of Women Contribution in Improving Family
ABSTRACT:

Abstract

 

The paper delves with the discussion on the significant contribution of women fishers in  augmenting   family or household income in the fishing villages of Cortes ,  Surigao del Sur in  the Philippines.  It illustrated the significant contribution of the latter in improving and sustaining household or family income. Gender and development implications were illustrated in the study. The study used an ethnographic method or qualitative interview with the assistant of seven         (7) key informants using a feminist model.   Furthermore  informed consent was secured from the said key informants.  

 

Keywords: Women, , Livings, Standard, Gender, fishing, Communities 

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6

QUALITY OF WORKLIFE AND FACULTY PRODUCTIVITY:THEIR RELATIONSHIP


Dr. Jovelyn M. Cantina,Wilfredo D. Carreon Jr.

QUALITY OF WORKLIFE AND FACULTY PRODUCTIVITY:THEIR RELATIONSHIP


ABSTRACT:

The study aimed to determine the relationship between the quality of work life and faculty productivity among the public and private HEIs in Zamboanga del Norte. The descriptive method was used.  The main assessment tool was the questionnaire which was prepared by the researcher. There were 209 respondents included in the study.  The statistical tools used were frequency count, mean computations, t-test, analysis of variance and Pearson r Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation. The study revealed that there was no significant difference on the quality of work life of the respondents when grouped as to gender, age, marital status, length of service, salary, and school. Further, it revealed that there was a significant relationship between quality of work life and the HEIs productivity in instruction and community extension while there was no significant relationship existed between quality of work life and productivity in research. It was found out that instruction and community service were influenced by the quality of work life of the faculty in the different HEIs in Zamboanga del Norte.  Their productivity in research is independent from their quality of work life. There was significant difference on the level of faculty productivity of HEIs in research and community service while there was no significant difference in the productivity of faculty along instruction. HEIs may provide their faculty members a comprehensive faculty development program to support them in their endeavors to pursue graduate and post graduate education, and provide funding for research activities of the faculty. HEIs may establish linkage with research organizations that can help them build a strong research team, and have to perform its social responsibility and extend community service as a mandated function.

 

Keywords: quality of work life, faculty productivity, instruction, research, community service

 

70-78 Download
7
Dissertation Abstracts of Doctor of Public Administration and Doctor of Education: An Academic Discourse Analysis
JOVELYN M. CANTINA,QUINDHE M. BANQUIAO

Dissertation Abstracts of Doctor of Public Administration and Doctor of Education: An Academic Discourse Analysis
ABSTRACT:

As an important part?genre in the research article (RA), the abstract has gained significant attention from the academic community. A well?written abstract can attract more readers and increase the chances of the accompanying RA being indexed and cited. The study aimed to determine the rhetorical structures and the linguistic features employed in expressing the different communicative functions in writing dissertation abstracts in Doctor of Public Administration (DPA) and Doctor of Education (Ed. D.) for the Academic Year 2013-2016 of Jose Rizal Memorial State University Graduate School. Grammar errors and the pedagogical implications were also given attention. There were eighteen (18) dissertation abstracts used as corpus of the study. Descriptive research method using qualitative and quantitative approach was utilized. Using Hyland’s moves structure model, the Purpose-Method-Product-Conclusion (M2?M3?M4?M5) pattern emerged as the conventional schema in the abstracts in both DPA and Ed. D programs. The writers also did not use first person pronoun in the abstracts. The inconsistency of the tense of verb used in every move was evident and very limited transitional devices were used. The authors in both programs had a strong tendency to omit M1 in their abstracts. Thus, it is recommended that student writers may be accustomed with the rhetorical structures and conventions in dissertation abstracts with examples from different disciplines. 

79-87 Download
8
BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION AND BEHAVIORAL ACTIVATION SYSTEM LEVELS, AND DSM-5 PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN TURKISH ADOLESCENTS
Yusuf BİLGE, Yıldız BİLGE

BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION AND BEHAVIORAL ACTIVATION SYSTEM LEVELS, AND DSM-5 PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN TURKISH ADOLESCENTS
ABSTRACT:

This study tested the hypothesis derived from Gray’s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory that psychopathology results from high levels of activity in the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) related to punishment sensitivity and the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) related to reward sensitivity, based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) psychological disorders in a sample of Turkish adolescents. This study also draws attention to how the biological orientation of BIS and BAS can help predict psychological disorders. The original contribution of this study is to examine the relationship of BIS and BAS activity to almost all DSM-5 psychopathological disorders.

A random sample of 417 students between the ages of 15 and 18 (m=16, 40; sd=1,23) in Istanbul province was surveyed using the Behavioral Inhibition and Behavioral Activation Scales (BIS/BAS;  Carver & White, 1994) and the Inventory of Psycholog?cal Disorders For Adolescences (PDIA; Bilge & Kulaks?zo?lu, 2017).

Pearson correlations of BIS and BAS scores with PDIA Subscales indicated that Attention-Deficit, Depression, Somatic Symptom Disorder, Separation Anxiety, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Avoidant Personality Disorder (PD) and Dependent PD were significantly correlated with increased BIS activity whereas Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Hyperactivity, Conduct Disorder, ADHD, Schizophrenia, Paranoid PD, Histrionic PD and Narcissistic PD were significantly correlated with increased BAS activity. Some PDIA subscales were related to both BIS and BAS: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Hypersomnolence Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Attack, Borderline PD, Schizotypal PD and Obsessive-Compulsive PD. Regression analysis was applied to determine the extent to which these disorders were predicted by BIS and BAS.

The results confirmed that psycholopathology symptoms are related to increases in BAS and BIS activity. The results also confirm Gray’s (1982) finding that high BIS activity levels are associated with anxiety.

Key Words: Inventory of Psychological Disorders For Adolescences (PDIA), Behavioral Inhibition and Behavioral Activation Scales (BIS/BAS),  Reinforcement sensitivity theory, psychological disorders, DSM-5.

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9
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ABSTRACT:

Rational Choice Theory is a fundamental theory of economics dealt with the behavior of an individual in which an actor chooses an action rationally in order to minimize costs and maximize benefits. Though several researches have been accomplished on RTC in the frame of reference to law, criminology, sociology, etc. but only in a small number of researches, RCT have been applied to literature. A realistic piece of literature demands a rational-choice explanation but the novels of Hardy-‘historian of Wessex’ have not yet been studied in the perspective of an economic theory, RCT. The purpose of the present study is to widen the compass of RCT and to produce the plurality of meaning of Hardy’s The Return of the Native. Employing the method of textual analysis, the present qualitative study explored: i. reflection of RCT in individual actors’ i.e. Eustacia and Wildeve preference to their available choices; ii. Eustacia’s economic and Clym’s unprofitable interest in life in the perspective of RCT; iii. reflection of Offender’s Rational Choice Theory in the actions of Eustacia, Wildeve and Diggory from Hardy’s The Return.

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10
EXTENT OF OBSERVANCE OF FOLK MEDICAL PRACTICES OF THE STUDENTS OF NORTH LUZON PHILIPPINES STATE COLLEGE
By Marife D. Alviento and Cheryl B. Diza

EXTENT OF OBSERVANCE OF FOLK MEDICAL PRACTICES OF THE STUDENTS OF NORTH LUZON PHILIPPINES STATE COLLEGE
ABSTRACT:

This study aimed to determine the extent of observance of the folk medical practices by the students of North Luzon Philippines State College who belong to the Indigenous Peoples. This study made use of descriptive method of research with a validated questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument. The respondents of this study were the 328 students of the college who were identified as members of the Indigenous Peoples in the upland areas of the province of Ilocos Sur. It was first semester of school year 2010 – 2011 when this study was conducted. Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the following conclusions were formulated: (1) majority of the respondents are in the lower academic years in college;  many of them prefer business-related course; most of them are female; majority have low family income and or they live simply like how they live in their tribal communities; majority of the respondents are affiliated with the dominant religion in the country; many of the respondents are freshmen in college (2) The respondents who belong to the tribal communities have some preference in attending to their health needs like consulting the modern medical practitioners in their localities or visiting the health center in their barangay rather than relying so much on their traditional practices of healing; and (3) folk medical practices is observed regardless of the variables used in this study.

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11
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CONDUCT OF TRADITIONAL PARADE OF KING AND QUEEN IN THE PHILIPPINES THROUGH POPULARITY CONTEST
Severino G. Alviento

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CONDUCT OF TRADITIONAL PARADE OF KING AND QUEEN IN THE PHILIPPINES THROUGH POPULARITY CONTEST
ABSTRACT:

This study aimed to determine the significance of the conduct of traditional parade of King and Queen in the Philippines through popularity contest as perceived by the parents, AB students, and student leaders of students of North Luzon Philippines State College. This study used the descriptive-survey and qualitative method of research wherein the respondents were interviewed with supplemental information required by the questionnaire. The conclusions of this study were: Traditional folk activities like the crowning and parade of kings and queens during special occasions in schools and barangay fiestas are imbedded as part of the Filipino cultural heritage. Changes may be effected when they are presented today, but not to totally eradicate them from the roster of activities during said occasions. The activity is still an acceptable reality and many people still support this tradition. There shall be clear grounds set between the sponsoring organization and the parents of the candidates in popularity contest so that better understanding and mutual cooperation will exist between and among them. There shall be tangible projects to be put up after the coronation and parade of the king and queen to fully materialize and concretize the projected proceeds of the popularity contest.

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12
IMPLEMENTATION OF TB-DOTS IN RURAL HEALTH UNITS OF TARLAC CITY: AN ASSESSMENT
Ma. Susan Z. Maglaqui, Mary Jane N. Rigor, Lorna C. Gamis, Adora N. Obregon, Evelyn M. Labastilla, MSc Chem Ed., Alma M. Corpuz

IMPLEMENTATION OF TB-DOTS IN RURAL HEALTH UNITS OF TARLAC CITY: AN ASSESSMENT
ABSTRACT:

The study assessed the implementation of the TB-DOTS in ten RHUs in Tarlac City for 2015 and 2016. Record from the RHUs were obtained to gather data on the TB cases and the success rates.  In addition, RHU personnel, volunteer health workers and patients were included as respondents of the study. The aims of the study were to (1) describe the TB-DOTS implementation in terms of the procedure and the number of the health personnel; (2) determine the new and relapse TB cases from the RHUs in 2015 and 2016; (2) assess the outcome of the new cases of TB-DOTS program in terms of the success rates in each of the RHUs; (3) identify the problems in the implementation of the TB-DOTS; and (4) propose intervention measures to improve the implementation of the TB-DOTS. Findings revealed that in 2015, all RHUs met the target success rates and in fact, succeeded the 90% goal set by the DOH. However, in 2016, two RHUs failed to meet the 90% target. Problems identified to have contributed to the low success rates in the two RHUs were the inability to locate the patients or they failed to go for treatment; deaths in the course of therapy and some were still undergoing therapy at the time of data collection. Recommendations to enhance the implementation of TB DOTS are presented in the study.

 

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13
THE PESSIMISTIC AND OPTIMISTIC VIEWS OF PEOPLE OF MODERN INDIA TOWARDS THE CONTRIBUTION MADE BY Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR IN REFORMING SOCIETY
Abhimanyu kumar

THE PESSIMISTIC AND OPTIMISTIC VIEWS OF PEOPLE OF MODERN INDIA TOWARDS THE CONTRIBUTION MADE BY Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR IN REFORMING SOCIETY
ABSTRACT:

This paper is made to examine the views of the people of modern India which is based on empirical research. The present research is based on a good deal of primary and secondary sources in relation to a legendry Person of India i.e. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. This research is based on primary data collected through questionnaire by applying purposive sampling method. Through this statistical method questionnaire is prepared and is applied to 195 respondents of different categories are taken in which category- 1 consists of 45 respondents out of 65 and category- 2 consists of 150 respondents out of 1000 respondents are chosen to provide their views with respect to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in reforming society.  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a remarkable and memorable person in the history of India. He was a member of drafting committee of Indian constitution and contributed a lot in the in the upliftment of Indian society by enclosing various articles and sections in relation to them.

 

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