International Review of Humanities

& Scientific Research

ISSN: 2519-5336



Year 2017 , Volume  2, Issue 2
IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO DISASTER: A DATA BASED MODEL FOR THE COASTAL BANGLADESH
By: Alamgir Kabir
Pages: 143-153
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After any disaster “Bringing Back Normalcy in Life” is a major challenge. Some mechanism or an indigenous dynamic cycle basing on Information Technology in identifying and making resources available can save many lives as well as bring back normalcy in disaster affected areas. Cycle must be dynamic so that it can address any change in situation. The experience of “Cyclone SIDR” and “Cyclone AILA” indicates that, even after allotment of relief goods; disaster management institutions could not reach at the first instance to support the disaster victim people. A “Database” of resource and manpower that may be used by upazila administration “On Loan Basis” to combat disaster may contribute significantly to provide support at the “First Instance”. Disaster Management Committees’ will not have to wait for the relief goods to arrive at their hand; they just need the allotment from higher headquarter which will authorize them to take loan from the pre-approved potential suppliers. On receipt of the relief goods from the District Headquarter the upazila administration can refund the loan to the suppliers. Preparing the “Database” and “Returning the loaned goods to the suppliers” will likely to be challenging that may be negotiated by proper plan, implementation and follow up activities. Networking the resources can play a vital role in “Bringing Back Normalcy in Life” after any disaster.
LEADERSHIP AND INNOVATION UNDER DECENTRALIZATION: A CASE STUDY of MANDALUYONG CITY
By: Dr. Rowena A. Pila & Dr. Jeremias F. Buraga
Pages: 154-186
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CHANGING CONSTRAINT MANAGEMENT INTO MOBILIZATION MANAGEMENT
By: Tu Runsheng, Zhan Yan, Wang Xiumin, Li Hequn
Pages: 187-199
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According to way, management can be divided into two major categories of constraint management and mobilization management. The shortage of the constraint management has been pointed out. The starting point of management, the basic principles and management purposes (quality exchange law and the standard to one’s liking with quality) have been discussed. The possibility and necessity of mobilizing the subjective initiative of the staff and workers have been analyzed. The connotation, principle and method of mobility management have been explored.
STRUCTURE OF ICH AND ITS SPECIFIC GUIDELINES FOR PRODUCING HIGH STANDARD OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
By: Abhijeet Ojha, N.V.Satheesh Madhav, Anuj Nautiyal, Samir Bhargava, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Harish Chandra
Pages: 200-215
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The aim of this review article is to highlight the various regulatory authorities which are concerned to form rules and regularize the product related issues during manufacturing of quality products. Harmonization process was initiated after tragedy of thalidomide in Europe in the 1960s. Harmonization of regulatory requirements was started by the European Community (EC), in the 1980s. As the EC (now the European Union) moved towards the development of a single market for pharmaceuticals, there was a bilateral discussion between Europe, Japan and U.S. on possibilities of harmonization of regulations for pharmaceuticals in 1984. ICH observed significant progress in various categories like quality guidelines, safety guidelines, efficacy guidelines, stability studies, clinical trials and dissolution studies.
EFFECT OF INCREASE IN OIL PRICE ON INFLATION IN PAKISTAN
By: Muhammad Masood Anwar, Dr. Ghulam Yahya Khan, Dr. Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan
Pages: 216-223
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This paper aims to examine the expected future inflation in Pakistan. Expected Inflation has given grave concerns among the policy makers and economist all around the world, because of its undesirable brunt in the developing countries. Oil prices and changing currency exchange rate are determinants of inflation in Pakistan. The effort is focused in this paper to analyze the impact of rising oil prices along with the changing currency exchange rate on inflation using the variables which has been checked by Jarque-Bera test under the null hypothesis of normal distribution for prices in Pakistan. Oil prices and inflation are found to be strongly related, and to a great extent this relationship is linear, for the calculations simple multiple regression model was used, the estimation of this model is taken through ordinary least square (OLS) method. The correctness of data set is judged by applying unit root test for testing the stationarity of data. For testing the time series data, Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test has been used. Lower real effective exchange rate and the existence of foreign exchange reserves and capital investment in Oil Exploration will help to reduce inflation in Pakistan. There is no close alternate of oil in Pakistan and Pakistan is also facing energy crises. It shows that in future inflation will be increase.
CORRELATES OF TRICOISM IN EDUCATION AMONG LOCAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION
By: DR. GREGORIO A. REYES
Pages: 224-259
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The major purpose of this study is to determine the relationship among the dimensions of TRICOISM (co-ownership, co-operation and co-sharing), transformational leadership style of school administrators, school effectiveness, empowerment practices, and job satisfaction. The descriptive correlational design was used in this study using adapted questionnaires pertaining to TRICOISM, transformational leadership style of school administrators, school effectiveness, empowerment practice, and job satisfaction of the Local Universities and Colleges in the National Capital Regional . The most prominent aspect of TRICOISM is co-operation exhibiting that everyone in the institution is taking the responsibility to the success of the schools’ endeavor. The school effectiveness as evaluated by the faculty have a predominant envisioning the development planning as to developing an educated work force. Transformational leadership style of school administrators as perceived by the faculty have pronounced the school vision, and accomplishing work together as a team. Moreover, empowerment practices in respondent’s respective institution, have greater emphasis in the area of self-worth. Work-itself is the most prevailing aspect of job satisfaction. Lastly, findings showed that there is a significant moderate to strong positive relationship among dimensions of TRICOISM, school effectiveness, transformational leadership style of school administrators, empowerment practices, and job satisfaction. Since TRICOISM is found to have a moderate positive relationship as correlated with all other dimensions, it is recommended that administrator should maintain and enhance their currrent programs and activities to strengthen the aspects of school effectiveness, employees empowerment and job satisfaction.
MAJOR LAND DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES OF ADDIS ABABA CITY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF GENERAL LAND DEVELOPMENT PROCEDURES OF THE COUNTRY
By: Abebaw Abebe Belay
Pages: 260-269
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Land is major economic factor and it is crucial for the development in our Country. Land Administration is the process of implementing land related policies and land management strategies to ensure economic, social equity, and environmental protection issues. Land management is the process by which the resources of land are put into good effect (UN-ECE, 1996). Land management encompasses all activities associated with the management of land and natural resources that are required to achieve sustainable development.[1] The failure to adopt, at all levels, appropriate rural and urban land policies and land management practices remains a primary cause of inequity and poverty. It is also the cause of increased living costs, the occupation of hazard prone land, environmental degradation and the increased vulnerability of urban and rural habitats, affecting all people, especially disadvantaged and vulnerable groups, people living in poverty and low income people. Land development is both an art and a science. It is an art that builds on your creativity, instincts and vision to transform an idea from concept into reality. As a science, it systematically progresses through a series of activities to accomplish a successful outcome a new development. Thus, land development refers to the processes of implementing land-use planning or development proposals for building new urban neighborhoods and new physical infrastructure and managing the change of existing urban or rural land use through granting of planning permissions and land-use permits. In this process we have to take a serious look on the building blocks of sustainable development. Any development has to be in line with sustainable development.
EVALUATION OF IPOMOEA SETOSA CRUDE TITER EXTRACT EFFECT ON NAJA PHILIPPINENSIS MICE INDUCED VENOM TOXICITY
By: Alice joy M. Aquino, RN. MN, Abegail O. Magcamit RM.RN. MAN
Pages: 270-278
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The study determined the weakest concentration in serial dilution of 1:60, 1:100 and 1:120 titers of Ipomoea setosa crude seed extract that exerted a counter toxic effect against cobra venom induced toxicity test in 30 ICR laboratory mice. The titer looked for is watered down repeatedly to see how long it remained in the blood of mice and kept mice alive 24 hours post treatment. It also evaluated the independent effect of routes and titers, interaction of titers and routes in terms of onset and duration of toxic signs, and onset of mice recovery. Descriptive statistics and 2-way ANOVA yielded slow to fast onset and duration of toxic signs when administered by oral and intravenous routes. Titer and Routes did not interact in terms of onset of toxic signs. However, titers can either slow down or prolong the duration of toxic signs. Result concludes 1:120 titer per oral route as the endpoint or weakest concentration by 10% (1)mice survival after 18hrs 20% (2) survival for 1:100 after 12 hours and 0%(10) deaths for 1:60. Research Institute for Tropical Medicine suggested isolation and purification of active substances to standardize dosing and utilize appropriate route of administration.
THE REVIVAL OF THE UNDERSCORED VALUE OF LIFE AND LOST CIVILIZATION IN THE MOST DANGEROUS GAME
By: Navid Salehi Babamiri
Pages: 279-286
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Richard Edward Connell was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, on October 17, 1893. From the time that he was a child he started his writing and became an editor volunteer for the newspaper. Later in his life he published lots of novels and short stories that among them “The Most Dangerous Game,” which was published in 1924, brought him the prestigious fame. In this short story he deals with the completely negative effects of war that have paralyzed human minds and brought savagery and brutality on human beings. General Zaroff one of the main characters is the symbol of the devastated value of life and lost civilization, in other words, he is a man of violence and brutality who is a hunter that hunts not only animals but human beings is finally hunted by Rainsford who tries to put an end to his violence and finally, he revives the lost civilization for all of the human beings. So the article has to deal with the negative and bloody effects of war which have paralyzed human life and at the same time it deals with the human’s endeavor to revive the lost civilization and underscored value of life.
ETHIOPIAN FEDERAL RURAL LAND ADMINISTRATION INSTITUTION PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, GAPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
By: Abebaw Abebe Belay
Pages: 287-306
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Land is major economic factor and it is crucial for the development in our Country. Land Administration is the process of implementing land related policies and land management strategies to ensure economic, social equity, and environmental protection issues. The FDRE constitution article 40 state that, “the right to ownership of rural and urban land, as well as of all natural resources, is exclusively vested in the state and in the peoples of Ethiopia”. According to these general direction the Federal government legislate the Rural Land Administration and Use laws. To implement these land administration and use laws the federal government has established land administration and use directorate under ministry of agriculture. This directorate is not responsible for urban and investment lands. This paper is tried to review and assess the policy and legal frame work, structural and the major duties and challenges of the federal land administration system. The methodologies used for the term paper are reviewing different written materials and the knowledge’s of the writer. Finally recommendations on the structural set up of the institution and the activities conducted by the directorate will be presented.