International Review of Humanities

& Scientific Research

ISSN: 2519-5336

Year 2017 , Volume  2, Issue 1
Cases of HIV/ AIDS in Tarlac Province, Central Luzon, Philippines from 1984 to 2016 and the Knowledge and Risky Behaviors of Various Gender Groups
By: Alma M. Corpuz
Pages: 1-22
Reports revealed that as of 2015, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has already claimed more than 35 million lives all over the globe (World Health Organization, 2016). In the Philippines, 34,999 cases were already recorded as of June 2016 with the National Capital Region (NCR) ranking number 1 with the most number of cases followed by Region 4A, Region 7 and Region 3 or Central Luzon (2,707 cases). This prompted the researchers to determine the proportion of HIV/AIDS cases from Tarlac a province of Region 3 and the common modes of transmission. Findings revealed that as of June 2016, a total of 223 cases were reported since 1984. Sexual contact between homosexuals (87 or 39%) followed by heterosexuals (70 or 31%), bisexuals (64 or 29%); blood transfusion (1 or 0.45%); and unknown (1 or 0.45%) were the common modes of transmission. Males dominated the females with a ratio of about 6:1. Fifty-eight percent were from ages 25-34 while 22% aged 15-24. Moreover, 44 or 20% were Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs). As to the findings on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS from various gender groups, 100% knew it is sexually transmitted but some thought it can also be spread via mosquito bites (48%); contaminated food utensils (37%); and personal belongings (43%). Furthermore, 38% females, 44% males and 33% homosexuals and bisexuals were into romantic relationships and 28% females, 31% males and 33% homosexuals and bisexuals engaged in sexual activities. The study recommends that a more aggressive information-dissemination on HIV/AIDS must be staged by the health department and other institutions. These agencies must work hand-in-hand to increase the awareness of the public. Based on the findings, a program was developed by the researcher called “3RC” which is aimed at raising the HIV/AIDS awareness of the community.
Effect of electronic banking before and after the implementation on organizational structure (Case study: Keshavarzi Bank branches in Tehran)
By: Maghsoudlou Shabnam
Pages: 23-38
In today's world, electronic banking is an integral part of e-commerce to provide services to customers in any situation regardless of place and time. And this is not possible unless the banks have a flexible structure. For this purpose, change in organizational structure is inevitable. This study was performed to investigate the effect of e-banking before and after the implementation on organizational structure of the Keshavarzi Bank branches in Tehran Province and therefore in this study , the effect of the traditional and electronic banking on the organizational structure including the organizational hierarchy, field supervision, centralization, formalization, complexity and size of the organization have been studied. This research in terms objective is practical and in terms of nature and manner is (field and survey) descriptive, respectively. In this study, mainly the survey method was used to collect data relating to approve or reject hypotheses. Statistical population concludes 218 persons that determined by the Cochran formula, was measured and then statistical tests were performed using SPSS software and the results show that all hypotheses were confirmed and electronic banking has a significant impact on the organizational structure.
Pages: 39-52
The present study was conducted to find out effect of socio-demographic variables (gender, location, fathers’ academic qualification, mothers’ academic qualification and parents’ monthly income) on learning styles of students at masters’ level. The sample size of eight hundred and twenty was drawn through stratified random sampling technique from public sector universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. The study was delimited to Social Sciences, and Management Sciences. Information about socio-demographic variables was collected through a demographic form attached with Kolb’s Learning style Inventory version III which was used to explore learning style of students. Frequencies, percentages t-test, and one-way ANOVA were employed to determine the effect of socio-demographic variables on learning styles. After analysis it was found out that Divergent learning style was learning style of majority of students. Gender and fathers’ academic qualification had no significant effect on learning styles of students , whereas location, mothers’ academic qualification and parents monthly income had significant effect on students’’ learning styles.
By: June Vistoria Omollo, Wycliffe Aluoch Oboka, Janet N. Kassilly
Pages: 53-66
It is estimated that one in every three hundred expectant women in Kenya dies from birth or pregnancy related causes. This crisis is largely attributed to the birth seeking services Kenyan women opt for among other factors. The implementation of free maternity services by the government since 2013 has not realized its ultimate goal since a number of mothers still prefer the services of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs). In Bunyala Sub-County of Busia, many deliveries still occur at home and without the assistance of trained/skilled birth attendants. This is in spite of fact that the World Health Organization and Kenyan Government outlawed the use of the TBAs on the assumption that they were partly to blame for high mortalities and morbidities of mothers and new born babies. This study sought to unveil the reasons behind the choice of birth attendance by expectant women in Bunyala Sub-County using descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The study established that a number of negative pregnancy outcomes were associated with the services of TBAs. 14% of the mothers sampled had suffered miscarriages,13% of whom through the hands of TBAs; 6% had lost their newborn, 5.2% in the hands of TBAs. It was also revealed that sampled mothers had endured maternal deaths during childbirth as a result of hemorrhage, sepsis, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and obstructed labour. 84% of the mothers preferred on government facilities as their ideal antenatal care provider, citing availability of skilled staff, medicines and equipment. However, some mothers preferred services of TBAs due to their flexibility in terms of payments, accessibility at odd hours, and good relations (some are relatives). Others 21% for cultural reasons refrained from being attended to by male birth attendants in government health facilities, while others shy away for fear of the mandatory HIV testing done under the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program. From these findings, this study proposes new thinking into these factors that are deemed inhibitive to use of government health facilities for birth attendance among mothers in the rural areas.
By: Nazila Mirzaie, Mahsa khaleghi Doost and Farzaneh Haratyan
Pages: 67-72
Subjectivity has always been the main concern of a subject who strives to achieve it by losing his initial status. The subject as theorized by Zizek is an individual whose identity is constantly constructed through language itself, which both ensures the individual’s socialization, but simultaneously splits the subject by cutting him/her off from the real order of experience. In view of the psychoanalytic implication of the characters in the plays The Emperor Jones and The Hairy Ape, this research is demystifying the theory of processual subjectivity on the main characters of these two plays by O'Neill. It reveals that real self- actualization of the character can be gained through three processes though the entire actualization doesn't happen and the heroes’ choices terminate in death, as their last resort to reach their subjectivity. This leaves the plays in tragedy. This paper concludes that major issues bother the main characters: confrontation with their past and lack of determination so they choose death to actualize their wishes and to end up their dilemma.
By: Purnima Saikia and P.K.Borua
Pages: 73-78
Dendrobium fimbriatum var.oculatum is an epiphytic orchid of of immense floricultural apppeal as well as some local medicinal values. It is a native to north-eastern India and parts of Indo-Chinese peninsula with a height of about 1m bearing beautiful bunches of bright yellow flowers having a reddish brown blotch in the middle and reddish streaks at the base, mildly scented and flowers lasting for 8-10 days. Like many other orchids of this region, this species is also found to be in the verge of extinction, due to large-scale denundation of forest areas. So in order to preserve it from possible extinction, attempts are made to multiply it through in vitro culture of nodular portions. NAA (1 mg/l) in MS medium was found to be most effective for early initiation of bud and multiple shoot induction.Full strength liquid MS medium proved to be the best for nodal explant culture.
ID Card
By: Kacham Abhishek
Pages: 79-92
The main aim or objective of my project is to make use of technology by making their work complete as simple and save time. This is done by using IB Card and its site. The smart card which is the integration of several cards such as your bank cards (Debit and Credit cards) and general identification cards (Voter Id, PAN, aadhar and soon). And your access cards and gift and reward cards are also integrated. And the card site is going to act as a common interface to all current payment sites to provide a secure and flexible environment to make there payment for multiple instances this is done by storing users card information and make use of them at the time of payment that is the user name, address, and in detail of how many cards presently the user is holding and they are categorized according to the users data. And make use of them at multiple instances of time that is irrespective of time and location this means anywhere and at any time you can use the card. As smart card play an increase role as “active” security device. Due to its microcomputer and programmable memory, a smart card can cater for specified needs of the environment it is used. Smart card handling and storage of sensitive data such as user privileges. They are secure tokens by means of which a user can be identified and authenticate a computer system or communication network. And more over the payment is done very securely and safe by using NFC and Chip-N-Chip which is present on the card. This paper provides a comprehensive introduction into the feature of chip cards standards governing them. And after the user login in to the site there the user can find links of all other payment sites and makes the payment done by single click.
By: Kamala fuloria , Dr. Abhimanyu kumar
Pages: 93-98
In this paper we have shown an analysis of reasons of migration collected from secondary sources, i.e. census report 2011and primary data collected from researcher self the field work during July to October 2016 .The findings which have come out from this analysis. As we have said earlier that data for this study have also been collected form secondary and primary sources. The data was collected through an interview schedule in an unbiased manner. This study is based on simple and rapid comparisons of frequency percentages as suggested as an alternative to scoring and scaling methods. The creation of Uttarakhand as a new state of the Indian union on November 09, 2000 is also largely linked with linked with the economic backwardness of region. The major aspirations of common people from their new state included, among others, certain of better employment opportunities for them.
Wahhaby Threat to Traditional Cultures in the Sunni-Muslim World: A Neglected Theme in Cultural Globalization
By: Dr. Ameer Ali
Pages: 99-114
By: Julie S. Berame
Pages: 115-142
The study probed the integration of technology in Science instruction in relation to the students’ performance in National Achievement Test (NAT) results in school. It utilized a researcher-made questionnaire to obtain the data. The respondents of the study were the upper and lower 30% performing schools in the National Achievement Test (NAT) for the aforementioned school years (2016-2016). The findings of the study revealed that the available technological resources for use in Science instruction for the upper 30% were printer, desktop computer, and Internet connection while for the lower 30% were desktop computer, printer, and speaker; that the level of technological skills of both the 30% school-respondents were rated expert in creating a presentation, using social networks, and their knowledge to operate computer. For the level of implementation in Technology-Assisted Science instruction the respondents were rated occasionally. Moreover, the performance of the school-respondents in the National Achievement Test (NAT) revealed that the upper 30% performing schools in NAT had their highest rating of 89.50% during the school year 2013-2014 while the lower 30% schools had their highest average rating of 81.10% during the school year 2011-2012. On the other hand, data revealed that the relationship between the level of technological skills of the teachers, school’s implementation in Technology-Assisted Science instruction, and the performance in Science NAT between the upper and lower 30% school-respondents was significant. Additionally, school-respondents considered lack of computer sets as the major challenge they faced upon the implementation of Technology-Assisted Science instruction.