International Review of Humanities

& Scientific Research

ISSN: 2519-5336

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Year 2016 , Volume  1, Issue 2
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE TEACHING ATTITUDES OF DEPARTMENTAL PROMOTEE, ONLINE & PSC SELECTEE SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS IN DISTRICT DERA ISMAIL KHAN
Qayyum Nawaz , Muhammad Javed Iqbal, Dr Malik Aamir Atta

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE TEACHING ATTITUDES OF DEPARTMENTAL PROMOTEE, ONLINE & PSC SELECTEE SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS IN DISTRICT DERA ISMAIL KHAN
ABSTRACT:
The study in hand was conducted to compare the Teaching Attitude of Departmental Promotee, Online and PSC Selectee Secondary School Science Teachers (SSSTs) in District Dera Ismail Khan. The major objective of the study was to assess the Teaching Attitude of Departmental Promotee, Online and Public Service Commission selectee Secondary School Science Teachers. The gender and location as demographic variables were also investigated. All the male and female of 9th class science students and Secondary School Science Teachers (SSSTs) working at GHS & GHSS of district DIKhan constitute the population of study. A sample of 25 Promotee, 25 online and 25 PSC selectee SSSTs was taken. Only those schools were selected in the sample where all three types of SSSTs were working simultaneously. 04 students for each promotee, Online and PSC selectee SSST were selected by random sampling technique. In order to get the opinion of the students about the performance of their science teachers, a 5-point Likert type rating scale was developed. The Cornbrash alpha reliability of the scale was 0.91. In order to compare the significance difference between the means of three groups of Science Teachers, ANOVA and Tukey Test were used as statistical technique. The mean difference between male and female, rural and urban was analyzed by using the t-test. The result shows that the Teaching Attitudes of Online selectee SSSTs were better than Departmental Promotee and PSC selectee SSSTs. The results further show that there was no significant difference between the Teaching Attitudes of male and female and rural and urban SSSTs.

1-23 Download
2
EXPROPRIATION, VALUATION AND PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION; THE LAW AND THE PRACTICE IN ADDIS ABABA CITY, ETHIOPIA
Abebaw Abebe Belay

EXPROPRIATION, VALUATION AND PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION; THE LAW AND THE PRACTICE IN ADDIS ABABA CITY, ETHIOPIA
ABSTRACT:
The land right in Ethiopian is not an ownership right, rather a usufractuary right, which is more that holding right but less ownership, since it does not contain right to sell and mortgage. The paper defines what expropriation and the general concepts of it. The aim of the paper is to show the current problems of the city with regard to expropriation, valuation and payment of compensation. The methods used for the preparation of the paper is based on a desk review made on legal issues of the country as well as research papers made on the area. The experiences of the writer is also a firsthand source for it. Generally, the expropriation, valuation and payment of compensation practices in Addis Abeba are now a days becoming a cause for dispute and unrest. Especially, the government is solely capturing the value of the land which it has expropriated from surrounding farmers. The government is expected to amend its expropriation laws so that expropriates share the value increment of their land.

24-47 Download
3
COMPARISON OF OSCILLOMETRIC NON-INVASIVE AND INVASIVE ARTERIAL BP MEASUREMENTS IN CRITICALLY ILL CHILDREN
Liah Raju, Poonam Joshi, Manju Vatsa, SK Kabra, Rakesh Lodha

COMPARISON OF OSCILLOMETRIC NON-INVASIVE AND INVASIVE ARTERIAL BP MEASUREMENTS IN CRITICALLY ILL CHILDREN
ABSTRACT:
In a prospective observational study the agreement between invasive and oscillometric non-invasive BP measurements in 93 critically ill children of age less than 15 years having radial arterial catheter for continuous BP monitoring was studied in Pediatric ICU of a tertiary level care hospital. A total of 1060 paired measurements of invasive and oscillometric non-invasive BP (IBP and NIBP) were taken in pediatric ICU of a selected tertiary care facility simultaneously on each subject at the time of enrolment and then every 3-4 hourly for 7 days or till the arterial catheter was in place, whichever occurred earlier. The oscillometric NIBP was taken on right arm if arterial line was on left and vice-versa using a BP cuff appropriate to the child’s arm. The agreement using Bland Altman analysis revealed the mean (±SD) differences between the IBP and oscillometric NIBP for systolic, diastolic and mean arterial BP measurements -3.6 ± 5.6, -3.4 ± 5.5 and -3.4 ± 5.5 mm Hg respectively (p<0.05). The Bland Altman analysis showed fairly wide limits of agreement. When analyzed using age specific normo-, hypo- and hypertensive criteria, among normotensive group, the difference of invasive and non-invasive systolic (dSBP), diastolic (dDBP) and mean (dMAP) arterial BP measurements group were -2.96, -3.17, -2.89 mm Hg respectively(p<0.05). The dSBP among hypotensive group (-3.4 ± 3.93 mm Hg) and dMAP among hypertensive group (-4.24 ± 5.37 mm Hg) also showed significant difference (p<0.05). A good correlation was found between both methods. As the limits of agreement were wide and oscillometric readings were overestimated, invasive method of BP monitoring should be used for monitoring critically ill children to get accurate blood pressure, whenever feasible.

48-56 Download
4
NATURE OF INTELLIGENCE-LED POLICING IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DOMESTIC CRIMES IN KENYA: A CASE OF KAKAMEGA COUNTY
Julius Harambee Mabia, Crispinous Iteyo, Edmond Were

NATURE OF INTELLIGENCE-LED POLICING IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DOMESTIC CRIMES IN KENYA: A CASE OF KAKAMEGA COUNTY
ABSTRACT:
In Kenya, domestic crimes increase has not been met with adequate prevention involving Intelligence-Led Policing unlike other kind of crime such as drug trafficking and terrorism where intelligence policing has been deployed immensely. Kakamega County has recorded an increasing number of domestic crimes in the past decade (Kakamega County Police Headquarters, 2014) which threatens socio-economic development in the County. The overall objective of the study was to examine the practice of intelligence led policing with a particular focus on the management of domestic crimes in Kakamega County. The specific objectives were to: examine the nature of intelligence led policing, assess the effectiveness of intelligence-led policing in the management of domestic crimes, and determine the challenges that intelligence-led policing encounter. The study was guided by rational choice and social control theories. The study employed a descriptive survey design and the target population consisted of household heads, police officers, private security firms, chiefs and assistant county commissioners in Kakamega County. Purposively sampling techniques was used to select OCPD, DCIO, OCS, private security firms, assistant county commissioners, chiefs while random sampling technique was used to select junior police officers and household heads. In the total, the sample respondents were 293. Primary data was collected through interviews, questionnaires while secondary data was collected from books, internet, journals and newspapers. Validity was determined using content validity while reliability was done using test retest method. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistic and it was presented in form of tables and charts. The findings revealed that Intelligence-Led Policing in Kakamega County was characterized by criminal informer, targeting of criminals unlike particular crime and holistic investigation of crimes using results-oriented tactics and strategies. The study recommends that government needs to commit more resources toward Intelligence-Led Policing so that police officers can be trained, equipment and technology can be procured. Further, there is need for police officers to come up with realistic performance indicator through the use of Intelligence-Led Policing products.

57-73 Download
5
A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFICACY AND ACCEPTABILITY OF APPS ON SICK NEWBORN CARE IN NURSING STUDENTS
Joshi P RN, Joshi M RN, Sharma KK RN, Thukral A MD DM, Deorari AK MD MNAMS.

A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFICACY AND ACCEPTABILITY OF APPS ON SICK NEWBORN CARE IN NURSING STUDENTS
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Apps on sick newborn care in nursing students as defined by improvement in their knowledge scores (assessed by multiple choice questions, MCQ). The secondary objective was to evaluate acceptability of the apps in nursing students. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 56 undergraduate nursing students. Participants completed 20 MCQs before workshop. The one day workshop included 4 work stations; each mentored by two facilitators for a group of 14 students. Clinical case management of four topics namely i) triaging, ii) hypothermia and hyperthermia, iii) seizures and hypoglycemia and iv) feeding low birth weight and sick neonates were demonstrated on the interactive mobile device and poster wall charts at each work station. All students underwent pre and post workshop knowledge assessment. Their acceptability was evaluated on a five point Likerts scale followed by focus group discussion (FGD). Results: The scores in MCQ improved significantly after the workshop (pre and post, 6.52 ± 2.25, 13.13± 1.61; p<0.001). The students achieved overall satisfaction from learning achieved in the workshop on sick newborn care. Conclusion: Sick newborn care apps have a potential role for integration into the undergraduate nursing curriculum.

74-88 Download
6
ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN AGRICULTURE IN NORTHERN INDIA
Dr. Satya Pal, Dr. Abhimanyu Kumar

ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN AGRICULTURE IN NORTHERN INDIA
ABSTRACT:
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Apps on sick newborn care in nursing students as defined by improvement in their knowledge scores (assessed by multiple choice questions, MCQ). The secondary objective was to evaluate acceptability of the apps in nursing students. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 56 undergraduate nursing students. Participants completed 20 MCQs before workshop. The one day workshop included 4 work stations; each mentored by two facilitators for a group of 14 students. Clinical case management of four topics namely i) triaging, ii) hypothermia and hyperthermia, iii) seizures and hypoglycemia and iv) feeding low birth weight and sick neonates were demonstrated on the interactive mobile device and poster wall charts at each work station. All students underwent pre and post workshop knowledge assessment. Their acceptability was evaluated on a five point Likerts scale followed by focus group discussion (FGD). Results: The scores in MCQ improved significantly after the workshop (pre and post, 6.52 ± 2.25, 13.13± 1.61; p<0.001). The students achieved overall satisfaction from learning achieved in the workshop on sick newborn care. Conclusion: Sick newborn care apps have a potential role for integration into the undergraduate nursing curriculum.

89-96 Download
7
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF UNWANTED VOICE CALLS AND DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN ATM NETWORKS
P. Rajan , Dr. A. Arul Lawrence Selvakumar

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF UNWANTED VOICE CALLS AND DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN ATM NETWORKS
ABSTRACT:
The areas of resource allocation and congestion control in ATM Networks resources have been investigated. Counter to the traditional wisdom and it is found that the on/off source does not always produce the worst case traffic. User have been produced with a new parameters and it has been shown that these new classes of user can still be given guarantees without giving traffic descriptors . The economic model completed with the adaptive user classes and to allow for an increase in both network efficiency and economic values simultaneously for some sample cases.The retransmission scheme which is called slack automatic repeat request is based on appropriately extending the control time for the first packet in a burst to allow for the timely retransmission of last packets i.e. before the lost packet is due for playback. We present simulation results that demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this retransmission scheme under a realistic scenario for an optical FDDI networks.

97-110 Download
8
Cultural citizenship in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Tavana Mohammad

Cultural citizenship in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
ABSTRACT:
Iran is a multicultural country including various groups of ethnic, lingual, religious and else. What is solution Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran to organize this sociocultural diversity? To answer to this question we used the method of conforming theory with sample. The study uses cultural citizenship theories as a theoretical framework to analyze the solution of the Constitution of IRI. The most important finding of this study is: the Constitution of IRI has a two-layer solution for the issue of sociocultural diversity; in the beneath layer lays concentrated cultural policy which in turn is the result of domination of Islamic, Shiite, Persian, and patriarchal culture; in the layer above lays a combination of politics of wide recognition: (especially in the area of language and ethnic); and politics of narrow recognition: (especially inthe areas of religion, women, and vulnerable social groups).

111-127 Download
9
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128-138 Download
10
SMALL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES MANAGER’S MOTIVATORS IN IMPLEMENTING ISO 22000: EXPLORATIVE STUDY
Chemah Tamby Chik, Nur’aliyyah Zaini, Sabaianah Bachok, Aslinda Mohd Shahril, Zurinawati Mohi & Hashim Fadzil Ariffin

SMALL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES MANAGER’S MOTIVATORS IN IMPLEMENTING ISO 22000: EXPLORATIVE STUDY
ABSTRACT:
Demands for safe and quality food are increasing locally and globally. This phenomenon leads to food industries, especially Small and Medium Food Enterprises (SMEs) to implement a safety and quality system to control and reduce the number of cases related to food hazards. ISO 22000 is the latest certification standard for Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) that has been amended and refined from both ISO 9001 and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP). By implementing this certificate, food industries are able to attract more potential customers to try their products. This study is done to investigate the aforementioned food small medium enterprises’ perspectives towards the implementation of ISO 22000 in eight companies in Klang Valley, Malaysia. A qualitative methodology through interview was adopted to each company’s manager’s perspectives on the said implementation. The interview was recorded, transcribed and analyzed for themes; three major themes that influence the managers’ perspective on the implementation are: (1) customers’ demands, (2) overseas requirement, and (3) product quality. This study focuses on the efficacy of implementation of ISO 22000. The findings suggested that the implementation of ISO 22000 in food SMEs is needed in order to penetrate the international markets and boost consumers’ confidence towards Malaysian food products.

139-156 Download